Course detail

Bioceramics materials and biocomposites

CEITEC VUT-DS202AAcad. year: 2019/2020

PhD course is focused on biomaterials for replacement, repair, and coexistence with hard tissues. The course first introduces students to the structure, properties and physiology of bone tissue, and biocompatibility of biomaterials especially with bone tissues. In another part of the course are presented types and properties of bulk Bioceramics and coatings for orthopedic and dental applications. Furthermore, the course deals with the testing of mechanical properties, tribological properties and biocompatibility of biomaterials. The conclusion of the course is devoted to the preparation and processing of biomaterials and their applications.

Learning outcomes of the course unit

Not applicable.

Prerequisites

Not applicable.

Co-requisites

Not applicable.

Recommended optional programme components

Not applicable.

Recommended or required reading

Rivaglioli A., Krajewski A.: Bioceramics, Chapman and Hall, London 1992
Mann S. a spol. (ed): Biomineralization, WCH, New York 1989
Fischman a spol. (ed): Bioceramics: Materials and Applications, Am. Ceram. Soc., Ohio 1994
Rieke P. C. a spol. (ed): Materials Synthesis Utilizing Biological Processes, MRS, Pittsburg 1990

Planned learning activities and teaching methods

Not applicable.

Assesment methods and criteria linked to learning outcomes

Not applicable.

Language of instruction

English

Work placements

Not applicable.

Course curriculum

1. Physico-chemical properties and physiology of bones: The nature and physiology of bone. Bone
formation. Transplantation. Specific properties of bone. The structure and composition of bones.
2. General problems associated with the use of biomaterials: Fixing. The response of the organism.
Attrition.
3. Compatibility between bioceramics and physiological environment: Interface ceramic/tissue.
Tissue response. Biomaterial compatibility. Thrombogenic effect of biomaterial in contact with
blood.
4. Biomaterials for surgical applications: Types of sizes. Types of biomaterials: metals, polymers,
ceramics and composites.
5. Ceramic and glass coatings: Metal substrates. Metal/nonmetal interface. Deposition of coatings.
6. Bulk ceramics and glass-ceramic materials.
7. Mechanical design of joint implants: Methods of preparation. Joint replacements. Materials.
8. Mechanical testing of joint implants: Tribology. Hardness. Strength. Static fatigue. Dynamic tests.
9. Dental implants: Types. Materials. Applications.
10. International testing of implants: Biocompatibility. Mechanical tests. Dimensional accuracy.
Abrasion resistance. Strength. Chemical corrosion. Thermal expansion.
11. Processing of bioceramic bulk materials and coatings

Aims

Not applicable.

Classification of course in study plans

  • Programme STIPMN Doctoral

    branch PM , 1. year of study, winter semester, 0 credits, compulsory-optional

  • Programme STIPMNK Doctoral

    branch PM , 1. year of study, winter semester, 0 credits, compulsory-optional

  • Programme STIAMN Doctoral

    branch AM , 1. year of study, winter semester, 0 credits, compulsory-optional

  • Programme STIPMN Doctoral

    branch PNTMT , 1. year of study, winter semester, 0 credits, compulsory-optional

  • Programme STIAMN Doctoral

    branch ANTMT , 1. year of study, winter semester, 0 credits, compulsory-optional

  • Programme STIPMNK Doctoral

    branch PM , 2. year of study, winter semester, 0 credits, compulsory-optional

  • Programme STIPMN Doctoral

    branch PM , 2. year of study, winter semester, 0 credits, compulsory-optional
    branch PNTMT , 2. year of study, winter semester, 0 credits, compulsory-optional

eLearning

eLearning: opened course