Course detail

Ecology in the Building Industry

FAST-CJ009Acad. year: 2018/2019

Ecosystem, biosphere, lithosphere, pedosphere, hydrosphere, biochemical cycle.
Atmosphere, hydrosphere, pedosphere pollution combustion gases, waste water. Toxicology, determination of toxicity, survey of toxic substances and their possible sources. Biological needs of humans, environmental comfort, physical effects, harmlessness of building materials, radon and its sources.
Classification of technologies from the point of view of waste formation, classification of wastes, composition of wastes, radioactivity. Recycling, stabilization and solidification possibilities of wastes. Laws and decrees concerning the environment and handling of wastes, introduction of EU regulations. Storing of wastes, technological parts of deposit areas, types of storage sites, rehabilitation. Thermal treatment of wastes, municipal refuses incinerating plant, incinerating plants for other and toxic wastes, securing the protection of environment during incineration. Other methods of thermal treatment.
Wastes utilized in the building industry, their classification and characteristics of individual groups.
Energetic wastes, chemical and phase composition, pozzuolanic activity, possibility of wastes utilization in the building industry. Wastes from metallurgical production, chemical and phase composition, reactivity, possibility of these wastes utilization in the building industry. Wastes from building industry and the possibility of their utilization.
Waste water, purification, sludge and its destruction. Economical aspects of wastes managing, utilization of wastes as secondary raw materials, penalties for environment pollution.

Department

Institute of Technology of Building Materials and Components (THD)

Learning outcomes of the course unit

Students reach the goal of the course by acquiring knowledge of basic principles connected with ecology, related legal regulations, methods of processing waste produced in civil engineering and other industrial branches in civil engineering, of waste composition, of waste toxicity, of thermal waste processing and of basic principles of waste storage.

Prerequisites

Physics, theoretical fundamentals of the structure of building materials and the chemistry of building materials in extent of the subject matter at the Faculty of Civil Engineering.

Co-requisites

Experimental Laboratory Methods.

Recommended optional programme components

Not applicable.

Recommended or required reading

Not applicable.

Planned learning activities and teaching methods

Information is presented to students in the form of lectures.
Information is presented to students in the form of lectures.
Seminars include computational part and part focused on practical laboratory experiments performed by students. During laboratory seminars students also work in teams on “ECO PROJECT” with a given topic and afterwards prepare powerpoint presentation of the results obtained, presentation takes place in the last seminar.

Assesment methods and criteria linked to learning outcomes

Credit - mandatory attendance at seminars, written reports of laboratory tasks, evaluated EKO PROJECT and a credit test, pass mark at least 60 %.
The final exam consists of a written examination, the results of which are discussed during the oral examination with possible supplementary questions.

Language of instruction

Czech

Work placements

Not applicable.

Course curriculum

1.Ecosystem, biosphere, lithosphere, pedosphere, hydrosphere, atmosphere, biochemical cycle.
2.Atmosphere, hydrosphere, pedosphere pollution, combustion gases, waste waters.
3.Biological needs of humans, environmental comfort, chemical and physical effects. Radioactivity, radon and its sources in secondary raw materials.
4.Toxicology, determination of toxicity, survey of toxic substances and the possible sources of them. Laws and decrees concerning the environment and handling with wastes, introduction of EU regulations.
5.Classification of technologies from the point of view of waste formation, classification of wastes, composition and radioactivity of wastes. Handling of waste – accumulation, haulage, sorting and recycling of waste.
6.Methods of treatment of wastes – physical, physico-chemical and chemical.
7.Thermal treatment of wastes, municipal refuses incinerating plants, incinerating plants for other and toxic refuses, other methods of thermal treatment.
8.Storing of wastes, technological parts of storing areas, types of storage sites, rehabilitation.
9.Wastes utilized in the building industry, their classification and characteristics of individual groups. Wastes from building production and possibilities of their recycling.
10.Wastes from power producing industry, chemical and phase composition, reactivity, pozzuolana activity, possibilities of utilization in building industry. Wastes from metallurgical industry, chemical and phase composition, reactivity, possibility of utilization in building industry.

Aims

The aim of the subject is to introduce the students into basic principles concerning the field of economics. In connection with production and processing of wastes in building industry the students will get overlook of adequate legislative regulations, processing methods for wastes produced by building industry and other industrial branches in building industry, about composition of wastes, their toxicity, thermal processing of wastes and basic principles of wastes storing.

Specification of controlled education, way of implementation and compensation for absences

Extent and forms are specified by guarantor’s regulation updated for every academic year.

Classification of course in study plans

  • Programme N-P-C-SI (N) Master's

    branch M , 2. year of study, winter semester, 5 credits, compulsory

  • Programme N-P-E-SI (N) Master's

    branch M , 2. year of study, winter semester, 5 credits, compulsory

  • Programme N-K-C-SI (N) Master's

    branch M , 2. year of study, winter semester, 5 credits, compulsory

Type of course unit

 

Lecture

26 hours, optionally

Teacher / Lecturer

Syllabus

1.Ecosystem, biosphere, lithosphere, pedosphere, hydrosphere, atmosphere, biochemical cycle.
2.Atmosphere, hydrosphere, pedosphere pollution, combustion gases, waste waters.
3.Biological needs of humans, environmental comfort, chemical and physical effects. Radioactivity, radon and its sources in secondary raw materials.
4.Toxicology, determination of toxicity, survey of toxic substances and the possible sources of them. Laws and decrees concerning the environment and handling with wastes, introduction of EU regulations.
5.Classification of technologies from the point of view of waste formation, classification of wastes, composition and radioactivity of wastes. Handling of waste – accumulation, haulage, sorting and recycling of waste.
6.Methods of treatment of wastes – physical, physico-chemical and chemical.
7.Thermal treatment of wastes, municipal refuses incinerating plants, incinerating plants for other and toxic refuses, other methods of thermal treatment.
8.Storing of wastes, technological parts of storing areas, types of storage sites, rehabilitation.
9.Wastes utilized in the building industry, their classification and characteristics of individual groups. Wastes from building production and possibilities of their recycling.
10.Wastes from power producing industry, chemical and phase composition, reactivity, pozzuolana activity, possibilities of utilization in building industry. Wastes from metallurgical industry, chemical and phase composition, reactivity, possibility of utilization in building industry.

seminars

26 hours, compulsory

Teacher / Lecturer

Syllabus

1.Introductory seminar - laboratory regulations, basic terminology, topics of the ECO PROJECT.
2.Preparation of samples for determination of CuCl2 extract and related theory.
3.Seminar focusing on using by-products in the building industry + laboratory work within the ECO PROJECT.
4.Laboratory seminar to determine the properties and subsequently the type of building materials.
5.Laboratory seminar to determine the type of contamination of water samples + laboratory work within the ECO PROJECT.
6.Determination of CuCl2 extract of the reference and modified mortar.
7.Completion of experiments and testing of products obtained during the ECO PROJECT.
8.Processing the results of the EKO PROJECT according to the required form, including research design of the issue.
9.Presentation of the results of the EKO PROJECT and its evaluation, submitting of reports.
10.Credit test.

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