Course detail

Building Constructions 4

FAST-AH004Acad. year: 2018/2019

The subject links up to the subject of Building Constructions 3. The main topic of this subject deals with building envelopes, i.e. peripheral walls and roofs. During the first part of the term the study aim is concerned with roofs - flat and pitched roof systems. Pitched roofs are presented with load-bearing structures of traditional trusses and modern truss systems. An attention is paid to roof coverings (overview of pitched roof coverings) and thermal insulation layers of roof constructions designed over heated indoor spaces. Concerning the flat roofs the design principles of single-leaf roofs (warm roofs) and double-leaf roofs (cold roofs) are presented in several structural and material variations including tinsmith´s product details. In the second part of the term the study concern is aimed at the building facades of civil and industrial buildings. This theme includes the information about the thermal protection of buildings and design requirements for thermal insulation of the major facade types: single-layer homogeneous external constructions, multi-layer facades, lightweight steel-plastic facade panels. Lectures will also include the issue of openings in peripheral wall structures, i.e. windows and external pedestrian doorsets.

Department

Institute of Building Structures (PST)

Learning outcomes of the course unit

Student obtains the fundamental information about envelope constructions of buildings (external walls, roofs incl. windows and doors).
He will be able to apply the peace of knowledge in follow-up subjects and in consequence to work up his bachelor thesis.
Throughout the lectures there is put the accent to take advantage of theoretical and technical knowledge of subjects which were studied before.
The result of education is to obtain the necessary knowledge of problems and to catch of the relative context.

Prerequisites

Fundamental knowledge of physical and mechanical characteristics of basic building materials, knowledge of Physics, Descriptive geometry, knowledge and basic orientation in design of external walls and roofs.

Co-requisites

Knowledge of concrete and metal constructions, building constructions and building services from the subjects passed in the 1. and 2. year of study.

Recommended optional programme components

The participation in student´s work competition SVOČ.

Recommended or required reading

Not applicable.

Planned learning activities and teaching methods

The course is taught through lectures, practical classes and self-study assignments. Attendance at lectures is optional, but attendance at classes is compulsory.

Assesment methods and criteria linked to learning outcomes

The requirement of pass out of the subject is the participation in compulsory class practicals during 13 weeks, tuition of semi-fitted works and to give them over in 13. week.

Language of instruction

Czech

Work placements

Not applicable.

Course curriculum

1.Building envelopes – terminology, function, climatic and boundary design conditions, loads, fundamental design principles.
2.Roofing of buildings – classification of roofs, main structural parts and components, types of the roof dewatering. Flat single-leaf roofs (warm roofs) – design principles, material variations, roof dewatering, layers of flat roof composition. Material variants of individual layers of single-leaf flat roofs, structural types of single-leaf roofs (classical arrangement of layers, inverted, compact).
3.Flat double-leaf roofs (cold roofs) – structural design principles, flat roof dewatering, material variations, layers of flat roof composition, design of roof ventilation system. Trussed rafter.
4. Roof trusses – classification, carpenter´s joints, basic types of trusses and crown posts. Purlin systems – design solution at the hipped end and at the gable.
5. Modern roof trusses – collar beam trusses and rafter systems. Compositions of roof structures above inhabited attic spaces.
6. Basic types of roof coverings, design principles and requirements for application.
7. Sheet metal constructions. Implementation and details of pitched and flat roofs.
8. Peripheral wall structures - design requirements for sandwich walls with a thermal insulation leaf. Material possibility and technological processes of fixing of external insulation layers (anchoring, gluing surface finishes). Principles of a solution of multi-layer wall structures with the external insulation layer. Materials and technology of an application of external insulation layers (anchoring, gluing, surface finishes).
9. Peripheral wall structures – design principles, material variations of single-leaf homogeneous structures. Structural principles and variants of the composition of thermal insulation layers in external constructions with regards to the heat and moisture transport.
10. Openings in peripheral wall structures: windows - variants, materials, requirements for installation.
11. Openings in peripheral wall structures: external pedestrian doorsets and gates- variants, materials, requirements for installation. Ways of fitting of windows and doors. Roof windows.
12. Lightweight steel-plastic peripheral structures – use, structural and material types, anchoring of components.
13. The final lecture, examination instructions.

Aims

To obtain fundamental knowledge in the field of contructions of roofing, external walls, windows, doors and gateways in external walls, windows in roofs of building, to aquire theoretical and functional relationship, to gain experience and ability for design.

Specification of controlled education, way of implementation and compensation for absences

Extent and forms are specified by guarantor’s regulation updated for every academic year.

Classification of course in study plans

  • Programme B-P-C-APS (N) Bachelor's

    branch APS , 2. year of study, summer semester, 4 credits, compulsory

Type of course unit

 

Lecture

26 hours, optionally

Teacher / Lecturer

Syllabus

1.Building envelopes – terminology, function, climatic and boundary design conditions, loads, fundamental design principles.
2.Roofing of buildings – classification of roofs, main structural parts and components, types of the roof dewatering. Flat single-leaf roofs (warm roofs) – design principles, material variations, roof dewatering, layers of flat roof composition. Material variants of individual layers of single-leaf flat roofs, structural types of single-leaf roofs (classical arrangement of layers, inverted, compact).
3.Flat double-leaf roofs (cold roofs) – structural design principles, flat roof dewatering, material variations, layers of flat roof composition, design of roof ventilation system. Trussed rafter.
4. Roof trusses – classification, carpenter´s joints, basic types of trusses and crown posts. Purlin systems – design solution at the hipped end and at the gable.
5. Modern roof trusses – collar beam trusses and rafter systems. Compositions of roof structures above inhabited attic spaces.
6. Basic types of roof coverings, design principles and requirements for application.
7. Sheet metal constructions. Implementation and details of pitched and flat roofs.
8. Peripheral wall structures - design requirements for sandwich walls with a thermal insulation leaf. Material possibility and technological processes of fixing of external insulation layers (anchoring, gluing surface finishes). Principles of a solution of multi-layer wall structures with the external insulation layer. Materials and technology of an application of external insulation layers (anchoring, gluing, surface finishes).
9. Peripheral wall structures – design principles, material variations of single-leaf homogeneous structures. Structural principles and variants of the composition of thermal insulation layers in external constructions with regards to the heat and moisture transport.
10. Openings in peripheral wall structures: windows - variants, materials, requirements for installation.
11. Openings in peripheral wall structures: external pedestrian doorsets and gates- variants, materials, requirements for installation. Ways of fitting of windows and doors. Roof windows.
12. Lightweight steel-plastic peripheral structures – use, structural and material types, anchoring of components.
13. The final lecture, examination instructions.

seminars

26 hours, compulsory

Teacher / Lecturer

Syllabus

1. Introduction to practical classes, conditions for obtaining credits. Individual assignment of building ground plan for the semester work, design of the floor structure above the last floor of a residential building.
2. Theoretical solutions of roof dewatering, variant designs.
3. Design of the flat single-leaf roof (warm roof). Design and evaluation of roof layers, design of the roof dewatering system.
4. Design of the double-leaf roof (cold roof). Design and evaluation of roof layers, design of the roof dewatering system, design of ventilation openings of the cold roof.
5. Design of roof truss of the pitched roof, choosing the right solution for the roof structure above inhabited attic spaces.
6. Design and evaluation of layers of inhabited attic space structures. Cross-sectional drawing of inhabited attic space.
7. Consultation lesson.
8. Complex solutions of implementation details of designed roofs, i.e. pitched roof and flat single-leaf roof (warm roof) / double-leaf roof (cold roof).
9. Consultation lesson.
10. Design of front facades - technical frontal views. Design and evaluation of layers of the peripheral wall structure.
11. Design of the suitable window type, details of installation.
12. Consultation lesson.
13. Semester work submission and final assessment.