Course detail

Strength of Materials I

FSI-4PP-KAcad. year: 2018/2019

Basic concepts and problems of strength analysis. Basic mechanical properties of material. General theorems of linear elasticity. Definition, classification and assumptions of rod as the simplest model body. Rod under simple stress - tension / compression, torsion, and bending. Strain at a body point. Boundary states of elasticity and brittle strength. Safety conditions. Rods under combined stresses. Supporting stability of rods.

Learning outcomes of the course unit

Basic knowledge of stress and strain related to simple cases of rod under stress and the idea of the boundaries of applicability of these classical approaches. Conditions of fundamental boundary states and determination of safety in case of general strain with the aim to reliably set the dimensions of bodies or machine parts.


Basic knowledge of statics and mathematics. Statics - conditions of static equilibrium and equivalence, the release of the body, the assessment of static certainty, resulting internal effects. Mathematics - vectors and matrices, differentials and integrals, solutions to differential equations. Knowledge of the software Maple.


Not applicable.

Recommended optional programme components

Not applicable.

Recommended or required reading

Gere J.M., Timošenko S.P.: Mechanics of Materials, , 0
Janíček P., Ondráček E., Vrbka J.: Pružnost a pevnost I, , 0
Janíček P., Florian Z.: Úlohy z pružnosti a pevnosti Ii, , 0
Issler L., Ruoss H., Hafele P.H.: Festigkeitslehre - Grundlagen, , 0
Gere J.M., Timošenko S.P.: Mechanics of Materials, , 0
Hoschl C.: Pružnost a pevnost ve strojnictví, , 0

Planned learning activities and teaching methods

The course is taught through lectures explaining the basic principles and theory of the discipline. Exercises are focused on practical topics presented in lectures.

Assesment methods and criteria linked to learning outcomes

The course-unit credit is granted under the condition of active participation in seminars and passing the seminar tests of basic knowledge (at least 10 ECTS points out of 20 must be gained). The points gained in seminar tests are included in the final course evaluation.
Final examination: Written part of the examination plays a decisive role, where the maximum of 80 ECTS points can be reached. Solution of several computational problems is demanded. The problems come from typical profile areas of given subject and supplied by a theoretical question, proof, etc. The lecturer will specify exact demands like the number and types problems during the semester preceding the examination.
Final evaluation of the course is obtained as the sum of ECTS points gained in seminars and at the examination. To pass the course, at least 50 points must be reached.

Language of instruction


Work placements

Not applicable.


The objective of the course Strength Analysis I is to equip the students with methodology for determination of strain and stress in bodies and risk assessment of basic boundary states. Practical experience with computations of the simplest bodies will be further supplemented with basic knowledge necessary for the strength design of real machine parts.

Specification of controlled education, way of implementation and compensation for absences

Attendance at practical training is obligatory. Head of seminars carry out continuous monitoring of student's presence, their activities and basic knowledge.

Classification of course in study plans

  • Programme B3S-K Bachelor's

    branch B-AIŘ , 2. year of study, winter semester, 8 credits, compulsory
    branch B-SSZ , 2. year of study, winter semester, 8 credits, compulsory
    branch B-STG , 2. year of study, winter semester, 8 credits, compulsory
    branch B-KSB , 2. year of study, winter semester, 7 credits, compulsory

Type of course unit


Guided consultation

26 hours, optionally

Teacher / Lecturer


1. Definition of the course content. Basic concepts - deformation, stress, strain, boundary conditions, and safety. Mechanical properties of materials and their computational models.
2. Behaviour of linear elastic body. Definition of the linear solids and structures. Basic theorems of linear solids and structures – theorem of reciprocity of work, deformation work of force and force system, Castigliano's theorem. Saint Venant principle.
3. Rod in strength analysis - definition, classification. Geometric characteristics of the cross section. Quadratic moments of cross sections, transformation to displaced and turned axes. The main and the main central square moments.
4. Simple tension and compression. Strain, stress, strain energy. Effects of deflections on stress and strain. Safety check.
5. Statically uncertain rod placement. Rod systems, systems of rods and non-rod bodies. External and internal static uncertainty.
6. Simple bending. Strain, stress, strain energy. Effects of deflections on stress and strain. Shear stress caused by shear force. Safety check.
7. Statically uncertain cases of rod placement. Shear stress in thin-walled profiles, shear centre.
8. Weakly and strongly curved rods, broken rods (frames).
9. Simple torsion. Stress, strain, strain energy. Effects of deflections on stress and strain. Safety check. Statically uncertain rod placement.
10. Stress at a body point, the main stress. Views of stress in the Mohr plane. Special cases of stress, plane stress.
11. Conditions of boundary states of elasticity and brittle strength during monotonous loading. Safety, reduced stress. Behaviour of bodies under cyclic loading, basic fatigue characteristics of the material.
12. Rods under combined stress. A list of problems to be solved by analytical, numerical and experimental methods.
13. Supporting stability of rods. Effects of deflections on critical force. Boundary states of real material rod under compression. Safety.

Controlled Self-study

52 hours, compulsory

Teacher / Lecturer


1. Resulting internal effects in a straight rod - differential approach. (1st week)
2. Resulting internal effects in a curved rod. (3rd week)
3. Tension and pressure of rod, stress, strain and deformation. Statically certain tasks. (5th week)
4. Tension and pressure of rod - systems of bodies. (7th week)
5. Bending. Stress, strain and deformation in statically uncertain rod. (9th week)
6. Torsion. Stress, strain and deformation in statically certain and uncertain tasks. (11th week)