Course detail

Physical Optics

FIT-FYOAcad. year: 2018/2019

Electromagnetic waves and light. Fresnel's equations. Reflection at dielectric and metallic surfaces, polarization. Coherence, interference from thin films. Diffraction by 2D and 3D structures. Holography, holography code, reconstruction of optic field. Transmission of light through media. Dispersion, absorption. Scattering. Thermal radiation. Elements of image-forming systems. Analytical ray tracing. Matrix concept. Errors in image forming. Quantum mechanical principles of radiation. Spectra of atoms and molecules. Physical statistics. Photon. Stimulated and spontaneous emission. Lasers. The basis of luminiscence. Radioactive radiation.

Learning outcomes of the course unit

The students will learn the basic principles of the physical optics needed for computer graphics. They will extend their general knowledge of optics and get acquainted with the modern optics. They will also learn how to apply the gathered knowledge on real tasks. Finally, they will get acquainted with further physics principles important for computer graphics.

Prerequisites

Basic knowledge of physics.

Co-requisites

Not applicable.

Recommended optional programme components

Not applicable.

Recommended or required reading

  • Schroeder, G.: Technická optika, SNTL, Praha, ČR, 1981

  • Hecht, E., Zajac, A.: Optics, Addison-Wesley, Reading, UK, 1977, ISBN 0-201-02835-2
  • Saleh, B. E. A, Teich, M. C.: Fundamentals of Photonics, Wiley 2007, USA, 978-0-471-35832-9
  • Halliday, D., Resnick, R., Walker, J.: Fundamentals of Physics, Willey, New York, USA, 1997, ISBN 0-471-10559-7

Planned learning activities and teaching methods

Not applicable.

Assesment methods and criteria linked to learning outcomes


  • Mid-term exam - up to 10 points
  • Project - up to 30 points
  • Written exam - up to 60 points

Language of instruction

Czech, English

Work placements

Not applicable.

Course curriculum

    Syllabus of lectures:
    • Electromagnetic waves and light.
    • Light at the interface of two media, Fresnel's equations. Reflection at dielectric and metallic surfaces, linear and elliptical polarization. Polarizers.
    • Coherence. Interference from thin films. Interference filters. The Fabry-Perot interferometer.
    • Diffraction by edges, slits, gratings and 2D and 3D structures. Holography.
    • Transmission of light through media. Dispersion, spectrometers, rainbow. Absorption. Scattering.
    • Thermal radiation. Energy and light quantities. Receptors, human eye. Spectral sensitivity of receptors. Filters and color dividers.
    • Elements of image-forming systems. Mirrors, prisms, lenses, the microscope, the telescopes. The Fermat principle.
    • Analytical ray tracing. Matrix concept. Aperture and field stops. Magnification, resolving power. Errors in image forming. Notes on fiber optics.
    • The quantum mechanical concept of radiation. The wave function, the Schroedinger equation, the uncertainty principle. The tunnel effect.
    • Energy levels, the Pauli exclusion principle, energy bands. Spectra of atoms and molecules. Selection rules.
    • Physical statistics. Photon. Stimulated and spontaneous emission. Inversion population. Lasers.
    • The basics of luminiscence, phosphors, fluorescence, phosphorescence.
    • Radioactive radiation.

    Syllabus - others, projects and individual work of students:
    • Individually assigned projects; it is expected that the "programming part" of the assignment will be consulted and evaluated in other course (more computer science oriented).

Aims

To learn the basic principles of the physical optics needed for computer graphics. Extend the general knowledge of optics and get acquainted with the modern optics. To learn how to apply the gathered knowledge on real tasks. To get acquainted with further physics principles important for computer graphics.

Classification of course in study plans

  • Programme IT-MGR-2 Master's

    branch MBI , any year of study, summer semester, 5 credits, optional
    branch MPV , any year of study, summer semester, 5 credits, optional
    branch MSK , any year of study, summer semester, 5 credits, optional
    branch MIS , any year of study, summer semester, 5 credits, optional
    branch MBS , any year of study, summer semester, 5 credits, optional
    branch MIN , any year of study, summer semester, 5 credits, optional
    branch MMM , any year of study, summer semester, 5 credits, optional
    branch MGM , 1. year of study, summer semester, 5 credits, compulsory

Type of course unit

 

Lecture

26 hours, optionally

Teacher / Lecturer

Syllabus


  • Electromagnetic waves and light.
  • Light at the interface of two media, Fresnel's equations. Reflection at dielectric and metallic surfaces, linear and elliptical polarization. Polarizers.
  • Coherence. Interference from thin films. Interference filters. The Fabry-Perot interferometer.
  • Diffraction by edges, slits, gratings and 2D and 3D structures. Holography.
  • Transmission of light through media. Dispersion, spectrometers, rainbow. Absorption. Scattering.
  • Thermal radiation. Energy and light quantities. Receptors, human eye. Spectral sensitivity of receptors. Filters and color dividers.
  • Elements of image-forming systems. Mirrors, prisms, lenses, the microscope, the telescopes. The Fermat principle.
  • Analytical ray tracing. Matrix concept. Aperture and field stops. Magnification, resolving power. Errors in image forming. Notes on fiber optics.
  • The quantum mechanical concept of radiation. The wave function, the Schroedinger equation, the uncertainty principle. The tunnel effect.
  • Energy levels, the Pauli exclusion principle, energy bands. Spectra of atoms and molecules. Selection rules.
  • Physical statistics. Photon. Stimulated and spontaneous emission. Inversion population. Lasers.
  • The basics of luminiscence, phosphors, fluorescence, phosphorescence.
  • Radioactive radiation.

Fundamentals seminar

13 hours, compulsory

Teacher / Lecturer

Project

13 hours, compulsory

Teacher / Lecturer

Syllabus


  • Individually assigned projects; it is expected that the "programming part" of the assignment will be consulted and evaluated in other course (more computer science oriented).

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