Fundamentals of Musical Acoustics
FEKT-JZHAAcad. year: 2018/2019
Students will become familiar with the physical nature of sound waves and vibrations in detail, the human way of perceiving sound, acoustics of musical instruments and acoustics in interpretation. The course also deals with recordings played on different musical instruments.
Learning outcomes of the course unit
The student will be able to:
- explain the basic concepts of acoustics,
- explain the principle function of a musical instrument and characterize its tone,
- explain the capabilities and limitations of musical instruments,
- describe the influence of room acoustics on the interpretation of music,
- describe spaces suitable for various genres and describe a recording chain,
- name the audio formats used and describe them,
- use modern technologies to record music and for the analysis of playing a musical instrument.
The knowledge of basic concepts of musical acoustics, tempo, expression and dynamic signs, and musical instruments tuning is required.
Recommended optional programme components
Recommended or required reading
Syrový, V. Hudební akustika. Praha: AMU, 2003. ISBN 978-80-7331-127-8 (CS)
Špelda, A.: Hudební akustika. Praha: SPN, 1978. (CS)
Geist, B. Akustika - jevy a souvislosti v hudební teorii a praxi. Praha: MUZIKUS s.r.o., 2005. ISBN 978-8086253312 (CS)
Planned learning activities and teaching methods
Teaching methods depend on the type of course unit as specified in the article 7 of BUT Rules for Studies and Examinations.
- Lectures provide the explanation of basic principles, supplemented by audio samples.
Participation at lectures is recommended.
Assesment methods and criteria linked to learning outcomes
Evaluation of study results follows Rules for Studies and Examinations of BUT and Dean's Regulation to the Rules for Studies and Examinations of BUT. Credit is given after successful completion of a written test and additional interview.
Language of instruction
1. Basic topics in acoustics.
2. Use of modern technology for analysis of performance and for improvement of listener impression.
3. Music as oscillations and waves.
4. Characteristics of musical instrument tones.
5. The principle and function of musical instruments.
6. Expression of an artist using musical instruments, the possibilities and limitations of musical instruments.
7. The perception of sound.
8. Acoustics in interpretation - theory.
9. Acoustics in interpretation - principles and practical uses of acoustics.
10. Acoustics in interpretation - samples.
11. Recording and playback of interpretation: spaces suitable for various genres, recording chains, microphones and sensors - the principle.
12. Recording and playback of interpretation: digitization and digital audio formats, destructive compression of MP3, AAC, etc., listening to recorded music, drivers, and spaces.
13. Digital audio recording and processing.
The aim of the course is to familiarize students with the physical nature of sound waves and vibrations, the human way of perceiving sound, the acoustics of musical instruments and acoustics in interpretation.
Specification of controlled education, way of implementation and compensation for absences
Forms of the checked instructions are specified by a regulation issued by the guarantee of the course and updated for every academic year.