Introduction to Linguistics
FEKT-HILSAcad. year: 2018/2019
Essentials of linguistics as a scientific discipline and a brief outline of its development. Basic information about a language, about the linguistic analysis and language studies. Linguistic terminology. Introduction of a language as a system and a means of communication. Functions and the importance of language. Language, mind and society. Levels and scientific methods of linguistic analysis.
Learning outcomes of the course unit
The course presents a theoretical basis of a scientific language study.
A student will be prepared for further studies of linguistics.
He/she has the knowledge of the relations between the individual components of the language system and of the relations between a language, thought and reality
defines the language functions
describes the lexical system of the English language and the English word-formation processes
describes and explains characteristic features of the English language and compares them to the characteristic features of the Czech language and other languages
analyses semantic components of lexical units and their relationships to other lexical units
describes and analyses grammatical categories
discusses the aspects of the communication process from the point of view of Pragmatics and Discourse Analysis
defines the English language as a universal tool for communication, especially in science and technology
identifies the features of the language of science and technology
knows the essential facts about the historical development of English
The knowledge of the linguistic theory will form a basis for practical use of the English language and other languages in his/her professional life as stated in the graduate´s profile.
The secondary school knowledge and the knowledge of the English language at B2 level according to the Common European Framework of Reference for Languages.
Recommended optional programme components
Recommended or required reading
Widdowson, H.G. (2007) Linguistics. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Vachek, J. (1992) A Linguistic Characterology of Modern English. Praha: Státní pedagogické nakladatelství
Hladký, J. and Růžička, M. (1998) A Functional Onomatology of English. Brno: Masarykova univerzita.
Hladký, J. and Chovanec, J. (1999) Úvod do studia anglického jazyka. Brno: Masarykova univerzita.
Lyons, J. (1968) Introduction to Theoretical Linguistics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press
Krhutová, M. (2009) Parameters of Professional Discourse. English for Electrical Engineering. Brno: Tribun EU.
Krhutová, M. (2007) The Language of Electrical Engineering as a Special Province. Brno: Akademické nakladatelství CERM.
Planned learning activities and teaching methods
Teaching methods depend on the type of course unit as specified in Article 7 of BUT Rules for Studies and Examinations.
Assesment methods and criteria linked to learning outcomes
A written examination (max. 100pts, min. 50pts).
Language of instruction
Language and Linguistics. Language as a system of signs.
Language as a means of communication. Language, mind and society.
Classification and typology of languages.
Morphology and the English word formation.
A linguistic characterology of English.
Phonetics and Phonology.
History of the English language.
The aim of the course is to provide essential knowledge of linguistics as a scientific discipline, its historical development and the state of the art. Basic concepts and terminology of linguistics will be introduced. The aim is to present a language as a system, to analyse individual constituents of the system and the relations between them. To provide a deep insight into language as a means of communication and a social phenomenon reflecting and influencing the speakers´ thinking and their perception of reality. The development of linguistic thinking for further studies of linguistics, the English language and other languages and their use in practical professional life.
Specification of controlled education, way of implementation and compensation for absences
The content and forms of instruction in the evaluated course are specified by a regulation issued by the lecturer responsible for the course and updated for every academic year.