Medical diagnostic devices
FEKT-CLDTAcad. year: 2018/2019
Principles of function and the description of construction of the diagnostics equipment and systems for sensing of the electrical and non elektrical quantities from organism (ECG,EEG,EMG, impedance measurement, blood pressure measurement, blod flow measurement). Fundamental principles of the medical imaging systems (X-ray systems, imaging by using of the magnetic resonance, gama imaging systems and, the ultrasound imaging systems). Principles of construction and using of the medical systems.
Learning outcomes of the course unit
The undergraduate will obtain the principal knowledge about function of the diagnostic technique which is the most frequently used in practice.
The subject knowledge on the secondary school level is required.
Recommended optional programme components
Recommended or required reading
Chmelař M.: Lékařská přístrojová technika 1, Akademické nakladatelství CERM1995
Chmelař M.: Lékarská laboratorní technika, skriptum VUT 2000
Drastich A.: Zobrazovací systémy v lékařství, VUT FEI, Brno 1989
Drastich A.:Netelevizní zobrazovací systémy, UBMI FEI VUT v Brně 2001
Krstel E.: Imaging Systems for Medical Diagnostics, Siemens aktiengesellschaft, Berlin 1990
Bronzino, J.D. The Biomedical engineering Handbook, CRC Press, Boca Raton 1995
Planned learning activities and teaching methods
Techning methods include lectures and practical laboratories. Course is taking advantage of e-learning (Moodle) system. Students have to write three assignment during the course.
Assesment methods and criteria linked to learning outcomes
Requirements for successful completion of the subject are specified by guarantor’s regulation updated for every academic year.
Language of instruction
Sensing of the biological signals - sensing electrodes, polarization of the electrodes.
Amplifiers for biological signals - technical parameters of the amplifiers and its design.
Electroencephalography - equipment, principle of its function and technical parameters. Additive equipment for EEG.
Electrocardiography - equipment, principle of its function and technical parameters.
Electromyography - equipment, principle of its function and technical parameters. Additive equipment for EMG. 6. 6. Blood pressure measurement (invasive and non invasive methods). Principle of function.
Blood flow measurment - dilution techniques, Doppler techniques.
Pletysmography - capacitance principle, photoelectric method, impedance measurement.
Rewiev of the monitoring systems - function and principles, list of physiological variables for monitoring, monitoring system and its coupling at the hospital information system.
X-ray imaging systems - description both the convenctional and digital skiascopic and the skigraphics systems; using of the X-ray systems for the diagnostics purpose.
Computerized X-ray tomography - elementary principles of construction of the standard and the helical computerised tomographs; using of the X-ray systems for the diagnostics purpose.
Gama-ray imaging systems - construction principles of the planar Gama-ray imaging systems; using of the Gama-ray imaging systems for the diagnostic purpose.
Tissue ultrasound imaging systems - principle of the imaging method; using of the ultrasound imaging systems for the diagnostic purposes.
Introduction to the principal knowledge about medical diagnostics technique.
Specification of controlled education, way of implementation and compensation for absences
Laboratory works, test.
Classification of course in study plans