Introduction to the Materials Physics
FSI-WUFAcad. year: 2018/2019
The purpose of the course „Introduction to physics of materials“ is to give to students necessary theoretical basis for solution problems in materials engineering. The main issues of the course are fundamental physicallaws governing the properties and manufacturing processes of the materials. Beside the metallic materials, it covers also basics of ceramics and polymers, their properties and processing. In this way, it creates cross-disciplinary bonds between various types of material.
Learning outcomes of the course unit
This course allows students to obtain knowledges about inner structure of materials and about thermodynamics and kinetics of processes during material's manufacturing and use. Students get knowledges about relations between microstructure and properties of materials.
The course continue knowledges from atomic composition field, chemical thermodynamic, electrochemistry, crystalline composition of metals, equilibrium and disequilibrium phase transformations focused on metal systems, deformation and fracture behaviour of materials and knowledge of structure and properties of basic groups of metalic and nonmetalic materials
Recommended optional programme components
Recommended or required reading
SMALLMAN, Raymond E. Modern physical metallurgy. Elsevier, 2016, 544 s. ISBN 9781483105970. (EN)
PTÁČEK, Luděk. Nauka o materiálu. I. 2. opr. a rozš. vyd. Brno: Akademické nakladatelství CERM, 2003, 516 s. ISBN 80-7204-283-1. (CS)
CALLISTER, William D. a David G. RETHWISCH. Materials science and engi neering: an introduction. 8th ed. Hoboken: Wiley, 2010, 885 s. ISBN 978-0-470-41997-7. (EN)
MUNZ, Dietrich a Theo FETT. Ceramics: mechanical properties, failure behaviour, materials selection. Berlin: Springer-Verlag, 1999, 298 s. ISBN 3-540-65376-7. (EN)
MÜNSTEROVÁ, Eva. Fyzikální metalurgie a mezní stavy materiálu: doplňková skripta a návody do cvičení. Brno: Vysoké učení technické, 1989, 208 s. (CS)
PLUHAŘ, Jaroslav. Fyzikální metalurgie a mezní stavy materiálu. Praha: Bratislava: SNTL; Alfa, 1987, 418 s. (CS)
ANDERSON, J. C. Materials science for engineers. 5th ed. Cheltenham: Nelson Thornes, 2003, 664 s. ISBN 0748763651. (EN)
KRATOCHVÍL, Petr, P. LUKÁČ a B. SPRUŠIL. Úvod do fyziky kovů I. Praha: SNTL, 1984, 243 s. (CS)
ASKELAND, Donald R. a Pradeep P. PHULÉ. Science and engineering of materials. 4th ed. Pacific Grove: Books/Cole-Thomson Learning, 2003, 1003 s. ISBN 0534953735. (EN)
JONES, David R. H. a Michael F. ASHBY. Engineering Materials 2: An Introduction to Microstructures and Processing. 4. Elsevier Science, 2012. ISBN 0080966683. (EN)
LEJČEK, Pavel a Pavel NOVÁK: Fyzika kovů, VŠCHT Praha, 2008, 162 s. (CS)
Planned learning activities and teaching methods
The course is taught through lectures explaining the basic principles and theory of the discipline. Teaching is suplemented by practical laboratory work.
Assesment methods and criteria linked to learning outcomes
Students have to take part in all practices, to give over all protocols of laboratory practices, which have to meet commensurate scientific and graphic level. Students have to elaborate final semestral thesis which will be included in the exam classification. Knowledges of given topics are to be chcked at the exam mainly by written form. List of topics will be notified to students at the beginning of the course. At the verbal part of the exam students will answer questions for other knowledges verification. Final classification includes: protocols evaluation, final thesis evaluation and results of the written and verbal parts of the exam.
Language of instruction
The aim of this course is to notify students of inner structure of real crystalic and amorphous materials (metals, ceramics, polymers) and of the influence of defects interactions on their application properties and manufacturing processes.The task os this course is to give knowledges about relationship among phase composition, transformations, mechanical and other properties of the material.
Specification of controlled education, way of implementation and compensation for absences
Participation in practices is mandatory, must be properly excused absence. Attendance in practices will be checked, non-participation have to be duly excused. Basic credit conditions is continuous giving over protocols. Knowledges of lectured topics will be checked by short tests. In the case of sick leave in practice given topic will be supplied by individual submission.
Type of course unit
39 hours, optionally
Teacher / Lecturer
1. Elements and their properties. Types of interatomic bonds
2. Inner arrangement of metallic and non-metallic materials
3. Electron theory of metals and its application – electrical conductivity, magnetism, cohesion.
4. Imperfections of inner structure of materials, their exhibitions and importance
5. Thermodynamics of chemical elements, pure materials, solutions and intermediary phases
6. Kinetics of phase transformations
7. Crystallization of metals and alloys
8. Diffusion and no diffusion transformations in metal systems
9. Thermal, electrical and magnetic properties of matters
labs and studios
26 hours, compulsory
Teacher / Lecturer
1. Structure of atoms
2. Crystal structures – basic structures, Miller indices of directions and planes, multiple structures
3. Thermodynamics of pure materials
4. Thermodynamics of solutions
5. Enthalpy diagrams for common equilibrium phase diagrams
6. Enthalpy diagrams for Fe – C system
7. Formation of proeutectoid ferrite
8. Construction of kinetic diagrams
9. Quantitative methods of classification material structure and their utilization in thermodynamics
10. Determination of Gibb’s energy of austenite grain growth
11. Diffusion I – solving of the basic problems
12. Diffusivity of carbon during cementation // Carbon diffusivity during cementation
13. Advanced plastics