Course detail

Fundamentals of Nanoscience

FSI-TZNAcad. year: 2018/2019

The subject gives an overview of fundamental principles of nanoscience in order to show their importance in the next development of nanotechnologies and related areas. The main effort will be aimed at description of changes of electronic structure given by the quantum mechanical confinement of electrons in nanostructures and of quantum phenomena accompanying transport properties of nanostructures. The consequences of a bigger relative number of surface atoms of nanoparticles (compared to bulk materials) on chemical reactivity, cathalytic effectivity and thermal properties of nanostructures will be discussed as well. Simultaneously, examples of applications of these qualitatively new phenomena covering electronics and spintronics, optoelectronics, as well as sensorics and medicine will be shown.

Learning outcomes of the course unit

Students will learn the current status of the interdisciplinary field of nanoscience which will also help them to select their own topic (for diploma or doctoral thesis).


Elementary Physics, Quantum Physics, Solid State Physics.


Not applicable.

Recommended optional programme components

Not applicable.

Recommended or required reading

J. H. DAVIES: The Physics Of Low-Dimensional Semiconductors: An_Introduction. Cambridge University Press, 1998 (EN)
KITTEL, C: Úvod do fyziky pevných látek 1997 (CS)
P. A. TIPLER, R. A. LLEWELLYN: Modern Physics. (4th edition.) W. H. Freeman and Company, New York 2003. (EN)
P. HARRISON: Quantum Wells, Wires and Dots: Theoretical and Computational Physics. John Wiley and Sons, London 2000. (EN)
J. SPOUSTA: Základy nanověd. Elektronický studijní text, Brno, 2014. (CS)
J. H. DAVIES: The Physics Of Low-Dimensional Semiconductors: An_Introduction. Cambridge University Press, 1998 (EN)
Ch. Kittel: Introduction to Solid State Physics. 8th ed. Wiley, 2005 (EN)

Planned learning activities and teaching methods

The course is taught through lectures explaining the basic principles and theory of the discipline. Exercises are focused on practical topics presented in lectures.

Assesment methods and criteria linked to learning outcomes

The assessment of a student is made upon his performance in practice and quality of a discussion on topics selected at the examination (lecture notes allowed at preparation).

Language of instruction


Work placements

Not applicable.


The goal is to provide an overview of qualitatively new phenomena taking place in nanostructures and to demonstrate their application in modern fields of science and technology.

Specification of controlled education, way of implementation and compensation for absences

The presence of students at practice is obligatory and is monitored by a tutor. The way how to compensate missed practice lessons will be decided by a tutor depending on the range and content of missed lessons.

Classification of course in study plans

  • Programme B3A-P Bachelor's

    branch B-FIN , 3. year of study, summer semester, 3 credits, compulsory

Type of course unit



26 hours, optionally

Teacher / Lecturer


Electronic structure: electronic structure and density of states of 3D - 0D nanostructures, quantum wells, heterostructures, 2D electron gas, quantum dots. Transport properties: quantum point contact - quantum conductivity, Coulomb blockade- single electron transistor (SET), quantum dots and rings- spin control, Bohm-Aharonov effect, etc.. Micro/nanomagnetism for data recording and spintronics - GMR effect, spin valves, domain walls propagation, etc. Influence of surface atoms of nanostructures: reactivity and cathalytic properties of nanostructures.


10 hours, compulsory

Teacher / Lecturer


The calculation of supportive theoretical examples takes place during the whole semester.

Computer-assisted exercise

3 hours, compulsory

Teacher / Lecturer


See seminars.