Automatic Control of Machines
FSI-GASAcad. year: 2018/2019
The course familiarises students with automation and control devices for production machines. This information is useful for the design and programming of automatic production machines and manufacturing systems. The course deals with theoretical principles of automatic control, mechanical control, electrical control, numerical control, sensors and effectors.
Learning outcomes of the course unit
Students will be made familiar with elements for automation of production machines and other manufacturing equipment, with methods necessary for control of production machines and manufacturing systems. They will be able to apply this knowledge to the design and development of manufacturing systems and their parts. They will gain practical experience with computer aided technologies used for the design, programming and for simulation of production machine control.
Students are expected to have: - basic knowledge of physics in area of electrostatics and electromagnetism, – computer literacy, - knowledge of basic principles of manufacturing systems, requirements for their functionality.
Recommended optional programme components
Recommended or required reading
MARTINEK, Radislav, 2004. Senzory v průmyslové praxi. Praha: BEN - technická literatura. ISBN 80-7300-114-4. (CS)
Beckhoff Information System [online]. Germany: Beckhoff Automation GmbH & Co., 2019 [cit. 2019-09-14]. Dostupné z: https://infosys.beckhoff.com/index_en.htm (EN)
Sensors, networking and control systems - ifm electronic [online]. Praha: ifm electronic, spol. s r.o., 2019 [cit. 2019-09-14]. Dostupné z: https://www.ifm.com/ifmcz/web/home.htm (CS)
ČSN EN 61131-3 ed. 2 Programovatelné řídicí jednotky - Část 3: Programovací jazyky, 2013. Ed.2. Praha: Úřad pro technickou normalizaci, metrologii a státní zkušebnictví. (CS)
S7-1200 - Industry Support Siemens [online]. Munich: Siemens Aktiengesellschaft, 2019 [cit. 2019-09-14]. Dostupné z: https://support.industry.siemens.com/cs/products?mfn=ps&pnid=13683&lc=en-CZ (EN)
Planned learning activities and teaching methods
The course is taught through lectures explaining the basic principles and theory of the discipline. Teaching is suplemented by practical laboratory work.
According to the possibility of teaching can be organized lectures for students by practitioners and excursions to companies focused on activities related to the course content.
Assesment methods and criteria linked to learning outcomes
Course-unit credit is conditional on the following: Participation in practicals and working out of semester work. Examination: The exam has a written and an oral part. Final grade reflects student’s knowledge acquired in the course and his/her ability to apply this knowledge to the practical problems solution.
Language of instruction
The aim of the course is to provide students with basic knowledge of HW and SW of control systems for machine tools and manufacturing systems and their practical use focusing on the use in Industry 4.0. The basic terms for this area are defined and analysed. Also discussed are the control systems and their parts as an important part of the design and development of manufacturing equipment. Students will also learn about the basics of the use of sensors in the field of control of production machines and systems.
Specification of controlled education, way of implementation and compensation for absences
Attendance at practise lessons is obligatory and it is checked. Only substantial reasons of absence are accepted. Missed lessons can be substituted for via solution of extra exercises.
Type of course unit
26 hours, optionally
Teacher / Lecturer
1. Introduction, subject and sources of automatic control, defining basic terms.
2. Position of an automatic control in design of manufacturing machines and systems.
3. Basic algorithm of LD (Ladder diagram) language.
The elements of types Contact, Coil inside programming language LD.
4. The elements of types Counter, Timer inside programming language LD.
5. Description of algorithm using flowchart. Basic algorithm of SFC (Structured function chart) language.
6. Elements of types STEP and
Transaction inside programming. Element types Loop, Select Diverge and Parallel Diverge.
7. Programmable logic controller (PLC) - hardware.
8. Programmable logic controller (PLC) - software.
9.-12. Sensors – classification, characteristic properties.
13. Communication issues in the control of production machines and systems.
labs and studios
26 hours, compulsory
Teacher / Lecturer
1-2. Influence of automatic control on the manufacturing machines design, their working properties and service.
3-4. Specification of machine components for further own work.
5-10. Proposal of a control system and a control algorithm, object description for controlled and controlling systems. Realisation of a control program.
11-12. Simulation of a control process, solution verification, debugging.
13. Presentation of a solution and evaluation.