Course detail

Environment Protection

FSI-FOZAcad. year: 2018/2019

This course will make students familiar with problems of solid and gaseous emissions from power plants and other energy units. The course deals also with secondary pollutants in the air, construction and operation of flue gas cleaning devices, desulphurization methods and devices, and technologies reducing NOx emissions.

Learning outcomes of the course unit

This course provides students with the necessary knowledge for operating energetic units and environmental technologies. The acquired knowledge enables students to design and project dust eliminating and desulphurisation devices for middle and small-sized energetic units.

Prerequisites

Thermo mechanic basics, sources and transformation of energy.

Co-requisites

Not applicable.

Recommended optional programme components

Not applicable.

Recommended or required reading

Kiely G.,: Environmental Engineering, McGraw-Hill, Boston, 1997
Skála Z.,: Ekologie v energetice, Brno PC DIR 1994
Josef Vejvoda, Pavel Machač, Petr Buryan: Technologie ochrany ovzduší a čištění odpadních plynů, VŠChT Praha 2003, ISBN 80-7080-517-X (CS)
Černý V., Janeba B., Teysler J.,: Parní kotle, Technický průvodce č. 32, SNTL, Praha, 1983
Baumbach G.,: Luftreinhaltung, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1992
Štorch O.,: Čištění průmyslových plynů a exhalací odlučovači, SNTL, Praha, 1974
de Nevers, Noel: Air Pollution Control Engineering. McGraw-Hill, Boston, 2000
Hemerka, J., Vybíral, P.: Ochrana ovzduší. ČVUT Praha, 2010
Kurfürst, Jiří: Kompendium ochrany ovzduší, Vodní zdroje Ekomonitor, Chrudim, 2008

Planned learning activities and teaching methods

The course is taught through lectures explaining the basic principles and theory of the discipline. Exercises are focused on practical topics presented in lectures.

Assesment methods and criteria linked to learning outcomes

Course-unit credit requirements:
- Attendance at seminars
- handing in notes from seminar calculations
- working out an assignment

Language of instruction

Czech

Work placements

Not applicable.

Aims

The course objective is to make students familiar with basic environmental technologies so that they will be able to judge basic trends in the clean energy production.

Specification of controlled education, way of implementation and compensation for absences

Attendance at seminars is required, compensation of missed lessons to be negotiated with a teacher.

Classification of course in study plans

  • Programme B3S-P Bachelor's

    branch B-EPP , 3. year of study, summer semester, 3 credits, compulsory-optional

Type of course unit

 

Lecture

39 hours, optionally

Teacher / Lecturer

Syllabus

1. Introduction, Air cleanness protection law,.
2. Combustion processes, pollutant production, impact on environment, emissions, imissions.
3. Composition of the atmosphere, foreign substances, pollution spreading, meteorological condition.
4. Emission attributes CO, CO2, NOx, SO2, HCl, HF.
5. Emission attributes PCDDIF, O3, secondary chemical pollution.
6. Dust eliminating - mechanical separators, cyclones, construction, usage.
7. Dust eliminating - filters, electrostatic separators, V-A characteristic, types, construction, usage.
8. Desulphurization, limestone methods.
9. Decreasing of NOx emission, primary steps, secondary steps, SCR, SNCR.
10. Incineration units for communal waste, emissions, flue gas deulphurization.
11. Waste and residue of environmental technologies, waste waters, usage, liquidation.
12. Air cleanness protection law, emission limits.
13. Summary.

seminars

13 hours, compulsory

Teacher / Lecturer

Syllabus

Seminar 1x per 2 weeks.

1. Combustion of solid, liquid and gaseous fuels, specific emission of CO2 from coal combustion, fuel oil, turf and natural gas. Stoichiometric calculation.
2. Practical calculation of solid and gaseous emission concentrations from combusting of brown coal in dry bottom and stoke boiler.
3. Mathematic model (Gauss model) of emission spreading in the atmosphere. Calculation of imission concentration in specific point of terrain according to Gauss model.
4. Theory of dust mechanical separator, assignment of parameters for semester paper.
5. Excursion to Incineration station SAKO Brno, practical overview of electrostatic separator and half-dry method of flue gas desulphurization.
6. Credit.