FSI-DTMAcad. year: 2018/2019
The course “Engineering mechanics” is subdivided into two branches: kinematics and dynamics. Kinematics is aimed at proper formulation of motion, i.e. the students have to be able to determine how to calculate trajectory and position of rigid body or a multi body system. Kinematics of a particle, planar kinematics and a three-dimensional rigid body motion are discussed in the introduction to the course. The graphical and numerical methods for solution of planar mechanism motion are treated. Step by step the students are led through the following areas of dynamics: basic axioms, general dynamics of a particle, dynamics of a system of particles, dynamics of rigid bodies, inertia moments of rigid bodies and dynamics of multi body systems. The fundamentals Newton's Laws are used for solving of practical tasks. The solving based on methods of analytical dynamics is presented too. Description, analysis and solving the fundamental characteristics of linear resonance system are treated.
Learning outcomes of the course unit
The course will provide students with knowledge necessary to solve the kinematics and dynamics problems of planar multi body systems. Solve kinematics outputs as trajectory (position), velocity and acceleration of any point of the moving bodies, in terms of a fixed coordinate system, as well as in terms of moving coordinate systems. The students will be able analysed relation between actuated active force effects and kinematics of moving body.
Vector and matrix. Resultants of a force and couple system. Further reduction of a force and couple system. Constraints for a rigid body. Model of rigid body with respect of Newton's Laws. DOF analysis. Equations of static equilibrium in two and three dimensions. Characteristics of a dry friction and rolling resistance. Coordinate systems. Centre of gravity. Definition of work and virtual work for variable force and for variable moment. Principle of work and energy. Conservation of energy theorem. Principle of linear impulse and momentum. Conservation of linear momentum and of angular momentum. Statement of Newton’s laws of motion. Basic terminology of planar kinematics - radius vector, velocity and acceleration. Curvilinear motion of particle-determination of tangential and normal component of acceleration.
Recommended optional programme components
Recommended or required reading
Přikryl K.: kinematika, 2005
Brát V.,Rosenberg J.,Jáč V.: Kinematika, 2005
Juliš K.,Brepta R. a kol.: Mechanika II.díl-Dynamika,2002
Přikryl, K., Malenovský, E., Úlohy z kinematiky, 2005
Slavík J.,Kratochvíl C.: Mechanika těles-Dynamika, 2000
C. Kratochvíl, E. Malenovský: mechanika těles. Sbírka úloh z dynamiky, 2000
Hibbeler R.C.: Engineering Mechanics-Statics and Dynamics, London 1995
Planned learning activities and teaching methods
The course is taught through lectures explaining the basic principles and theory of the discipline. Exercises are focused on practical topics presented in lectures.
Assesment methods and criteria linked to learning outcomes
The course-unit credit is granted under the condition of active participation in seminars and passing the seminar tests of basic knowledge (at least 10 ECTS points out of 20 must be gained). The points gained in seminar tests are included in the final course evaluation.
Final examination: Written part of the examination plays a decisive role, where the maximum of 80 ECTS points can be reached. Solution of several computational problems is demanded. The problems come from typical profile areas of given subject and supplied by a theoretical question, proof, etc. The lecturer will specify exact demands like the number and types problems during the semester preceding the examination.
Final evaluation of the course is obtained as the sum of ECTS points gained in seminars and at the examination. To pass the course, at least 50 points must be reached.
Language of instruction
The course “Engineering mechanics” provides the students with knowledge of basic axioms, laws and principles of classical mechanics. The emphasis is to make students understand the physical principles of rigid bodies motion and multi body systems and students will apply them to solve simple technical problems in practice.
Kinematics is based on formulation of trajectory, body motion, multi body systems and determination of kinematic quantities, position, velocity and acceleration. For simple mechanical systems, students learn to solve kinematics of mechanisms and analyse the velocity and acceleration of key points of multi body system.
Determination of the kinematic quantities is necessary for further dynamic solving. Dynamics is based on knowledge of solving multi body systems.
Specification of controlled education, way of implementation and compensation for absences
Attendance at practical training is obligatory. Head of seminars carry out continuous monitoring of student's presence, their activities and basic knowledge.
Classification of course in study plans
- Programme B3A-P Bachelor's
branch B-PDS , 2. year of study, summer semester, 7 credits, compulsory
- Programme B3S-P Bachelor's
branch B-AIŘ , 2. year of study, summer semester, 5 credits, compulsory
branch B-SSZ , 2. year of study, summer semester, 7 credits, compulsory
branch B-STG , 2. year of study, summer semester, 7 credits, compulsory
branch B-EPP , 2. year of study, summer semester, 6 credits, compulsory
branch B-PRP , 2. year of study, summer semester, 7 credits, compulsory
branch B-KSB , 3. year of study, summer semester, 6 credits, compulsory
Type of course unit
52 hours, optionally
Teacher / Lecturer
1. Kinematics of a particle - rectilinear and curvilinear motion. Circular and harmonic motion.
2. Kinematics of a body - translational, rotational and planar motion. Planar kinematics of rigid body in a mechanism.
3. Kinematics motion analysis of mechanisms - combined motion.
4. Kinematics of a coupled rotation. Spherical motion.
5. Dynamics of a particle. Dynamics of a system of particles.
6. Motion equations of rigid bodies - translation, rotational and planar motion.
7. Inertia moments. Balancing of rotors.
8. Dynamics of planar and spherical motion. Gyroscopes.
9. Dynamics of planar multi body systems. Newton's Law.
10. Dynamics of planar multi body systems. Lagrangian mechanics.
11. Oscillation with 1 DOF. Excited oscillation with 1 DOF. Kinematic excitation.
12. Linear and non-linear dynamic systems.
13. Experimental dynamics.
14 hours, compulsory
Teacher / Lecturer
1. Kinematics of planar rigid body motion - Graphical analysis. Instantaneous centre of zero velocity.
2. Kinematics of planar mechanisms - Graphical analysis of combined motion.
3. Dynamics of particle. Dynamics of a system of particles. Laws of conservation.
4. Motion equations of rigid body motion. Newton's Law.
5. Motion equations of rigid body motion. Lagrangian mechanics.
6. Motion equation of a linear resonance system with 1 DOF. Undamped and damped systems.
7. Excited oscillations. Amplitude-frequency characteristic. Clearance calculation.
12 hours, compulsory
Teacher / Lecturer
1. Kinematics of a particle - rectilinear and curvilinear motion. Trajectory, velocity and acceleration. Planar motion kinematics of bodies.
2. Kinematics of planar mechanisms. Planetary gearboxes. Cam mechanism.
3. Dynamics of planar body motion. The 2nd order differential motion equation.
4. Inertia moments. Rotational and planar body motion.
5. Dynamics of planar multi body systems with 1 DOF.
6. Analysis of motion equation of a linear resonance system with 1 DOF.