Aircraft Structure and Systems I
FSI-CKSAcad. year: 2018/2019
Aircraft and its parts, fuselage, types of constructions, load applied, cabin windows. Wings, types of constructions, load applied to wing, devices of drag and lift increasing. Stabilising surfaces, vertical and horizontal stabilisers, load applied to surfaces, pulsation, materials used. Undercarriage, types, constructions, aircraft wheels, shock-absorbers, landing gear pulsation. Flight controls, requirements, loads applied to controls, devices of trimming and balancing, warning means. Aircraft hydraulic systems, requirements, parameters of pressure energy transmission. Hydraulic pressure systems with pressure and flow regulation, working, standby and emergency circuits. Hydraulic elements, function, construction, parameters and characteristics. Pneumatic systems, sources and distributions of pressure air. Control system of aircraft motion on the ground, brake systems. Hydraulic servo control systems, function of individual elements. Set up and modification of control forces, requirements, indicators, warning elements. Air conditioning systems, requirements, adjustment systems of the temperature and humidity.
Learning outcomes of the course unit
Students will acquire basic knowledge and experience of aircraft construction and aircraft hydraulic and pneumatic systems. The knowledge is necessary for a successful pilot training completion.
Basic knowledge of material science, differentiation and integral calculus, basic knowledge of physics and mechanics, statics and dynamics, 1st law of thermodynamics, equation of continuity, hydraulic resistance.
Recommended optional programme components
Recommended or required reading
Kulčák a kol.: Učební texty ATPL(A) Všeobecné znalosti letounů 1.díl, CERM Brno, 2002
Jeppesen: Aircraft general knowledge 1 - Aircraft and Systems, Oxford Aviation Services Limited, 2001 (EN)
Jeppesen: Aircraft general knowledge 3 - Powerplant, Oxford Aviation Services Limited, 2001 (EN)
Třetina, K.: Letadlové instalace I. a II. díl VA Brno, 1985
Čalkovský, A., Pávek, J., Daněk, V.: Konstrukce a pevnost letadel, I. a II. VA Brno,1985 (CS)
Předpisy JAR 23, JAR 25
Moir, I., Seabringe, A.: Aircraft systems, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2008
Planned learning activities and teaching methods
The course is taught through lectures explaining the basic principles and theory of the discipline.
Assesment methods and criteria linked to learning outcomes
The course-unit credit is awarded based on 80% participation at lectures and correct elaboration of homework. The examination has both written and oral parts. The written one comprises solving 3 problems, the oral one consist of answering 2 questions randomly chosen by a student.
Language of instruction
Students will gain basic knowledge about airframe construction and aircraft onboard systems, so they can understand their functions with respect to flight properties, reliability and security of flight operation.
Specification of controlled education, way of implementation and compensation for absences
If presence at lectures is less then 80%, students have to prove elaborated tasks and completed parts from missed lectures. Missed lectures can be compensated in a very limited extend by consultations with the lecturer.
Type of course unit
26 hours, optionally
Teacher / Lecturer
1. Aircraft and its parts, fuselage, types of constructions.
2. Wings, types of constructions, devices of drag and lift increasing.
3. Stabilising surfaces, horizontal and vertical stabilisers, load applied to surfaces.
4. Undercarriage, types, constructions, shock-absorbers.
5. Flight controls, requirements, devices of trimming and balancing.
6. Aircraft hydraulic systems, parameters of pressure energy transmission.
7. Hydraulic pressure systems, standby and emergency circuits.
8. Hydraulic elements, their function and characteristics.
9. Pneumatic systems, sources and distribution of pressure air.
10. Control system of aircraft motion on the ground, brake systems.
11. Hydraulic servo control systems.
12. Set up and modification of control forces, warning elements.
13. Air conditioning systems, methods of aircraft maintenance.