Course detail

Comics – History and Present - winter

FaVU-KOHISO-ZAcad. year: 2018/2019

The lectures follow the history of the comic from the second half of the 19th century to the present. They represent important realizations in economic conditions, social circumstances and the political context of their origin, along with critical and theoretical reflection. Lectures are accompanied by examples in digital form and examples of printed periodicals.

Learning outcomes of the course unit

Students acquire basic knowledge about the development of comics from the first comic strips in humorous magazines to contemporary graphic novels. They will be able to recognize significant realizations, understand the context and links between sequential stories, animated film, literature, and visual arts.

Prerequisites

Students should have general knowledge of visual arts history.

Co-requisites

Not applicable.

Recommended optional programme components

Not applicable.

Recommended or required reading

Scott McCloud, Jak rozumět komiksu, BB art, 2008 (CS)
Brian Walker, The Comics before 1945. The Comics sice 1945. Harry N. Abrams Inc., 2004 (EN)
Umberto Eco, Skeptikové a těšitelé, Argo 2006 (CS)
Coulton Waugh, The Comics, University Press of Mississippi (reprint edition), 1991 (EN)
Scott McCloud, Reinventing Comics, Harper Collins, N.Y.C., 2000 (EN)
E. H. Gombrich, Umění a iluze, Odeon 1985 (CS)
Thierry Groensteen, Stavba komiksu, Host 2005 (CS)
Lisa Gitelman, Scripts, Grooves, and Writing Machines: Representing Technology in the Edison Era, Stanford University Press, 2000 (EN)
W. J. T. Mitchell, Teorie obrazu: Eseje o verbální a vizuální reprezentaci, Karolinum 2017 (CS)
Bart Beaty, Fredric Wertham And the Critique of Mass Culture, University Press of Mississippi, 2005 (EN)
Bart Beaty, Unpopular Culture: Transforming the European Comic Book in the 1990s. University of Toronto Press, 2007 (EN)
Roger Sabin, Comics, Comix & Graphic Novels. A History of Comic Art, Phaidon Press 1996 (EN)
David Carrier, The Aesthetics of Comics, Pennsylvania State University Press, 2001 (EN)
Richard Reynolds, Super Heroes. A Modern Mythology, University Press of Mississippi, 1994 (EN)
Sean Howe, Marvel. Co jste neměli vědět o komiksovém zázrak. Paseka, 2016 (CS)
Scott McCloud, Understanding Comics, Kitchen sink Press, 1993 (EN)
D. B. Dowd – Todd Hignite, Strips, Toons, and Bluesies: Essays in Comics and Culture, Princeton Architectural Press, 2006 (EN)
M. Thomas Inge, Comics as Culture, University Press of Mississippi, 1990 (EN)
Takashi Murakami (ed.), Little Boy. The Arts of Japan´s Exploding Subculture, Yale University Press, 2005 (EN)
Jonathan Clements – Helen McCarthy: The Anime Encyclopedia. A Guide to Japanese Animation Since 1917, Stone Bridge Press, 2006 (EN)
Tomáš Prokůpek – Pavel Kořínek – Martin Foret – Michal Jareš, Dějiny československého komiksu 20. století. Praha: Akropolis, 2014 (CS)
Roman Prahl – Radim Vondráček – Martin Sekera, Karikatura a její příbuzní. Obrazový humor v českém prostředí 19. století. Praha – Plzeň: Arbor vitae – Západočeská galerie v Plzni, 2014 (CS)
David Kunzle, History of the Comic strip: The Early Comics Strip, vol. 1, History of the Comic strip: The Nineteenth Century, vol.2, University of California Press, 1973, 1988 (EN)
W. J. T. Mitchell, Picture Theory. Essays on Verbal and Visual Representation, University Of Chicago Press, 1995 (EN)

Planned learning activities and teaching methods

Lectures accompanied by projections of digitized comics, examples of original prints (newspapers, albums, books etc.) and reading key passages from important theoretical and critical texts.

Assesment methods and criteria linked to learning outcomes

Exam - written test.

Language of instruction

Czech

Work placements

Not applicable.

Course curriculum

1. Cartoon, illustration and narration
19th century readers, spectators and graphic arts. George Cruikshank: Comic Almanacs. Rodolphe Töppfer: La littérature en estampes. Wilhelm Busch: Bilderbogen. Problems of searching for "comics predecessors". Visual humor and satire in albums and illustrated magazines. E. H. Gombrich: Cartoon Experiment.

2. Yellow journalism
W. R. Hearst vs. Joseph Pulitzer. Humorous newspapers, advertising and comic strip at the end of the 19th century. Phonographic paradigm. Phonography (shorthand), phonographs and speech balloons. R. F. Outcault. Rudolph Dirks. F. B. Opper. Bud Fischer.

3. Nightmares and day dreams
American comics from the 20's and 30's. Winsor McCay. George Herriman. Lyonel Feininger. Comics as a model of film animations.

4. From the newspaper strip to the album
Collection of newspaper strips. Funnies on Parade. European comic books. Georges Remi (Hergé): The Adventures of Tintin.

5. Seduction of innocents
Superheroes, detective and horror comics of the 40's and 50's. Jerry Siegel, Joe Shuster: Superman. Bob Cane: Batman. Superhuman and non-human characters in modern mythology. Critical responses in the American press. Comics Code: establishment of censorship in USA. The practice of censorship in Western Europe and the Eastern Bloc.

6. The Silver Age of Comic Books (American comics of the 1960s)
Marvel Comics: Stan Lee, Jack Kirby, Steve Ditko. Fantastic Four, Incredible Hulk, Amazing Spider-Man. X-Men. Consequences of censorship.

7. Comix
Parody and paraphrase of newspaper strips. Tijuana Bibles. American Comic Underground of the 1960s and 1970s. MAD. Harvey Kurtzman, Basil Wolverton. Robert Crumb.

8. Manga
Narrative images in Japan. Japanese Modernists: Rakuten Kitazawa, Saseo Ono. Japanese comics after 1945. Mangaka Osama Tezuka. Entertainment industry of the 1980s. Katsuhiro Otomo: Akira. Reflections of Japanese Popular Culture: Takeshi Murakami and Superflat.

9. Semiotics and System of Comics
Will Eisner. Comics and Sequential Art. Film metaphors in Comics theory. Umberto Eco: Apocalypse Postponed. Scott McCloud: Understanding Comics. Thierry Groensteen: The System of Comics.

10. Graphic novels
From narrative picture series to "graphic novels". W. Hogarth: Harlot's Progress. Rodolphe Töpffer: Histoire de M. Vieux Bois. Frans Masereel: Mon livre d'heures.
Will Eisner. Art Spiegelman. Osamu Tezuka. David B. Frank Miller. Alan Moore.

11. Comics in Czechoslovakia
Cartoons and pictorial stories. Kája Saudek. Vlastislav Toman. Václav Šorel, František Kobík: Vzpoura mozků (The rebellion of Brains).

12. Unpopular culture
Comics albums and books in the 1990s. L'Association, Small Press, La Nouvelle Bande Dessinée. Fantagraphics. Chris Ware: Acme Novelty Library. Comics without recitatives and dialogues. Jean Giraud (Moebius). Jim Wodring: The Frank Book.

13. Infinite Canvas
Online comics. Realization, publishing and distribution of digital formats. Scott McCloud: Reinventing Comics.

Aims

The aim of theseries of lectures is to acquaint students with the history and the contemporary form of sequential narratives – comic strips, albums or graphic novels.

Specification of controlled education, way of implementation and compensation for absences

Lectures are optional.

Classification of course in study plans

  • Programme Bachelor's

    branch AGD2 , 3. year of study, winter semester, 3 credits, optional
    branch APD , 3. year of study, winter semester, 3 credits, optional
    branch AGD1 , 3. year of study, winter semester, 3 credits, optional
    branch AS2 , 3. year of study, winter semester, 3 credits, optional
    branch AM3 , 3. year of study, winter semester, 3 credits, optional
    branch AM1 , 3. year of study, winter semester, 3 credits, optional
    branch AKG , 3. year of study, winter semester, 3 credits, optional
    branch AM2 , 3. year of study, winter semester, 3 credits, optional
    branch AS1 , 3. year of study, winter semester, 3 credits, optional
    branch AEN , 3. year of study, winter semester, 3 credits, optional
    branch AVI , 3. year of study, winter semester, 3 credits, optional
    branch AMU , 3. year of study, winter semester, 3 credits, optional
    branch AIN , 3. year of study, winter semester, 3 credits, optional
    branch ATD , 3. year of study, winter semester, 3 credits, optional
    branch AGD2 , 4. year of study, winter semester, 3 credits, optional
    branch AGD1 , 4. year of study, winter semester, 3 credits, optional
    branch APD , 4. year of study, winter semester, 3 credits, optional
    branch AM3 , 4. year of study, winter semester, 3 credits, optional
    branch AS1 , 4. year of study, winter semester, 3 credits, optional
    branch AS2 , 4. year of study, winter semester, 3 credits, optional
    branch AM1 , 4. year of study, winter semester, 3 credits, optional
    branch AM2 , 4. year of study, winter semester, 3 credits, optional
    branch AKG , 4. year of study, winter semester, 3 credits, optional
    branch AVI , 4. year of study, winter semester, 3 credits, optional
    branch AIN , 4. year of study, winter semester, 3 credits, optional
    branch AMU , 4. year of study, winter semester, 3 credits, optional
    branch AEN , 4. year of study, winter semester, 3 credits, optional
    branch ATD , 4. year of study, winter semester, 3 credits, optional

Type of course unit

 

Lecture

26 hours, optionally

Teacher / Lecturer

eLearning