Course detail

Applied Physics (V)

FAST-CB054Acad. year: 2017/2018

The structure of atoms and molecules
The basic of the statistics physics.
Heat, temperature and heat capacity at particle level.
Equipartition theorem
The characteristics of gases - air and water vapour
Temperature, pressure and transitions between liquid and gas.
Practical consequences of latent heat (heat for air damping, heat engines, condensation burner
The flow, the equilibrium and non-equilibrium processes
The principles of thermodynamics in liquids
The heat transfer in liquids, diffusion
Sun radiation, global view of the processes in atmosphere

Department

Institute of Physics (FYZ)

Learning outcomes of the course unit

The basics of physical substances (including liquids) and their structures, the flow of liquids. Basic physical skills for the specialization of water management and water structures.

Prerequisites

The knowledge of the mathematics and physics in the range of the sub-degree courses.

Co-requisites

Not applicable.

Recommended optional programme components

Not applicable.

Recommended or required reading

Not applicable.

Planned learning activities and teaching methods

Not applicable.

Assesment methods and criteria linked to learning outcomes

Not applicable.

Language of instruction

Czech

Work placements

Not applicable.

Course curriculum

1. Definition of basic physical quantities, SI system, definition of temperature, equipartition theorem, inner energy
2. Statistical physics, state equation, practical results
3. Properties of air, water vapour and atmosphere
4. The mass, momentum and energy balance: momentum in fluids, energy in fluids (external and internal), hydraulic pressure, Pascal low, Archimedes low.
5. The flow of fluids: the stationary flow of the viscous incompressible fluid through the tube, the velocity distribution along the cross section of the tube, Hagen-Poisseli’s law.
6. Temperature, pressure and phase transitions, latent heat, physics of low temperatures and pressures
7. Particle physics and heat capacity of gases at constant pressure or volume
8. Basics of thermodynamics, processes in gases, heat engines, Carnot cycle
9. Practical outcomes of derived properties (engines, heat pumps, air conditioning, thermoelectric generators, themocouples, Peltier cells, condensation burner, drying or damping of air
10. Electromagnetic radiation, Plancks law, Sun radiation, spectral properties of atmosphere
11. Black body radiation, emissivity, transmittance, absorptivity, solar collectors and their principle and efficiency
12. The energy point of view - transforms of energy, energy accumulations, energy density, power density
13. Sun, basics of meteorology, atmosphere composition, greenhouse effect

Aims

To enlarge the knowledge of physics in the area of structure, matters, fluids and flow for the students of the water management and water structures focus.

Specification of controlled education, way of implementation and compensation for absences

Extent and forms are specified by guarantor’s regulation updated for every academic year.

Classification of course in study plans

  • Programme N-K-C-SI (N) Master's

    branch V , 1. year of study, summer semester, 5 credits, optional

  • Programme N-P-C-SI (N) Master's

    branch V , 1. year of study, summer semester, 5 credits, optional

  • Programme N-P-E-SI (N) Master's

    branch V , 1. year of study, summer semester, 5 credits, optional

Type of course unit

 

Lecture

26 hours, optionally

Teacher / Lecturer

seminars

26 hours, compulsory

Teacher / Lecturer