Course detail

Photoinduced processes in molecular materials

FCH-DCO_FPDAcad. year: 2017/2018

The course is focused on the interaction of photons with organic molecules, molecular crystals and polymers. The primary processes of optical absorption, fluorescence, phosphorescence, non-radiative transitions and generation of excited species, such as excitons, excimers, exciplex and photoinduced charge transfer states, are discussed in detail. The explanation of basic terms is followed by a complex analysis of photophysical and photochemical processes, such as photochromism, photoconductivity, electroluminescence, photodielectric effect, excitation energy transfer, photosynthesis, photodegradation of materials and non-linear optics. From the application point of view, the principles of basic molecular optoelectronic elements, such as optical memories, photodetectors, solar cells, electroluminescent displays and non-linear optical elements (photorefractive and holographic memories) are discussed. From the chemical point of view, examples are mentioned of relations of molecular structures, physical and chemical properties of materials, types of basic chemical syntheses, and modifications of low-molecular-weight and polymer materials.

Learning outcomes of the course unit

Basic photophysical and photochemical knowledge.


Basic knowledge from organic chemistry and solid state physics (basic course).


Not applicable.

Recommended optional programme components

Not applicable.

Recommended or required reading

S. A. Jenekhe, K. J. Wynne, Photonic and optoelectronic polymers, American Chemical Society, Washington, 1995 (EN)
J. B. Birks, Photophysics of aromatic molecules, Wiiley-Interscience, London, 1970 (EN)

Planned learning activities and teaching methods

The course uses teaching methods in form of individual consultation. The e-learning system (LMS Moodle) is available to teachers and students.

Assesment methods and criteria linked to learning outcomes

Not applicable.

Language of instruction


Work placements

Not applicable.

Course curriculum

Light and material
Optical properties of molecules
Electronic structure of molecular materials
Absorption, fluorescence, phosphorescence, non-radiative transitions
Excitons, excimers, exciplexes, charge-transfer states
Photochromism and photoconductivity
Excitation energy transfer
Nonlinear optics
Electroluminescence and photodielectric effect
Optoelectronic elements, optical memories
Material photodegradation
Basic photochemical and photophysical experimental methods


The aim of the course is to get experience in the field of basic principles of the interaction of light with materials and photophysical and photochemical processes.

Specification of controlled education, way of implementation and compensation for absences


Classification of course in study plans

  • Programme DKAP_CHM_4 Doctoral

    branch DKAO_CHM_4 , 1. year of study, winter semester, 0 credits, compulsory-optional

  • Programme DPAP_CHM_4 Doctoral

    branch DPAO_CHM_4 , 1. year of study, winter semester, 0 credits, compulsory-optional

  • Programme DPCP_CHM_4 Doctoral

    branch DPCO_CHM_4 , 1. year of study, winter semester, 0 credits, compulsory-optional

  • Programme DKCP_CHM_4 Doctoral

    branch DKCO_CHM_4 , 1. year of study, winter semester, 0 credits, compulsory-optional