Course detail

Principles of Flight I

FSI-OZ1Acad. year: 2017/2018

Explaining of aerodynamic force and moment emergence on aircraft. Basic aerodynamic laws –equation of continuity, Bernoulli’s equations. Aerodynamic characteristic of profile and final wing span, drag due to lift. Aircraft aerodynamic characteristic – parasitic drag, interferential drag. High lift and drag devices. Compressibility effect on aircraft aerodynamic characteristic – subsonic, transonic and supersonic speeds. Swept effect, Mach number, shock waves.

Learning outcomes of the course unit

The students will obtain basic knowledge and habits for application of aerodynamic relations, usable for flying activity from the point of view of piloting. They will acquire knowledge of flying theory necessary for effective and safe aircraft traffic.

Prerequisites

The basics of mathematics - differential and integral calculus, common differential equations. The basics of common mechanics – force effect on a body, kinematics and dynamics. The basics of fluid mechanics.

Co-requisites

Not applicable.

Recommended optional programme components

Not applicable.

Recommended or required reading

Anon. Theoretical Knowledge Manual-Principles of Flight. Oxford: Jeppesen, GmBH, 2004. ISBN 0-88487-277-7. (EN)
Daněk,V.- Filakovský,K.: Základy letu. Učební texty pro teoretickou přípravu dopravních pilotů dle předpisu JAR-FCL-1. Brno: Akademické nakladatelství CERM, 2006. 314 s. ISBN 80-7104-449-4. (CS)
Daněk,V.: Mechanika letu I - Letové výkony. Brno: Akademické nakladatelství CERM, 2009, 293 s. ISBN 978-80-7204-659-1. (CS)
Daněk,V.- Filakovský,K.: Základy letu. Učební texty pro teoretickou přípravu dopravních pilotů dle předpisu JAR-FCL-1. Brno: Akademické nakladatelství CERM, 2006. 314 s. ISBN 80-7104-449-4. (CS)
Daněk,V.: Mechanika letu II - Letové vlastnosti. Brno: Akademické nakladatelství CERM, 2011. 334 s. ISBN 978-80-7204-761-1. (CS)
Anon. Theoretical Knowledge Manual-Principles of Flight. Oxford: Jeppesen, GmBH, 2004. ISBN 0-88487-277-7. (EN)

Planned learning activities and teaching methods

The course is taught through lectures explaining the basic principles and theory of the discipline. Exercises are focused on practical topics presented in lectures.

Assesment methods and criteria linked to learning outcomes

Conditions for obtaining the course-unit credit: participation in the course (80% at the minimum), presentation of calculation tasks records. The credit is necessary to be admitted to examinations. The exam has written form (the essential one) and oral parts. Evaluation process fulfils the University requirements.

Language of instruction

Czech

Work placements

Not applicable.

Aims

The goal is to familiarize students with basic problems of aerodynamics of atmospheric aircraft, principle of force and moments emergence on aircraft. Students will learn to apply practically their knowledge of aerodynamics in pilot practice for the purpose of higher flight safety.

Specification of controlled education, way of implementation and compensation for absences

Lectures and seminars are compulsory, and the attendance is checked and recorded. The absence (15%-20%) can be compensated by personal consultation with the lecturer and elaboration of individually assigned topics and exercises. All tasks must be finished and handed in the week credits are awarded at the latest.

Classification of course in study plans

  • Programme B3S-P Bachelor's

    branch B-PRP , 2. year of study, winter semester, 4 credits, compulsory

Type of course unit

 

Lecture

26 hours, optionally

Teacher / Lecturer

Syllabus

1. Basics, definitions and laws. Equation of continuity. Bernoulli´s equation.
2. Airfoil aerodynamic forces and moments. Airfoil coefficients.
3. Viscosity effects. Boundary layer. Reynold´s number. Flow separation.
4. Aerodynamic characteristic of wings. Induced drag.
5. Airplane aerodynamic characteristics. Interference drag. Total drag of airplane.
6. Means of increasing lift. Influence of ground effect.
7. Stall. Stall speeds.
8. Means of increasing drag. Spoilers. Aerodynamic brakes.
9. Influence of ice and contamination on the aerodynamic characteristics.
10. Compressibility efects. Speed of sound. Mach number.
11. Subsonic, transonic and supersonic speed aerodynamics. Critical Mach number.
12. Shock waves. Normal and oblique shock waves. Expansion waves.
13. Buffet onset. Buffet free range. "Coffin corner".

Exercise

13 hours, compulsory

Teacher / Lecturer

Syllabus

1. Basics, definitions and laws. Equation of continuity. Bernoulli´s equation.
2. Airfoil aerodynamic forces and moments. Airfoil coefficients.
3. Viscosity effects. Boundary layer. Reynold´s number. Flow separation.
4. Aerodynamic characteristic of wings. Induced drag.
5. Airplane aerodynamic characteristics. Interference drag. Total drag of airplane.
6. Means of increasing lift. Influence of ground effect.
7. Stall. Stall speeds.
8. Means of increasing drag. Spoilers. Aerodynamic brakes.
9. Influence of ice and contamination on the aerodynamic characteristics.
10. Compressibility efects. Speed of sound. Mach number.
11. Subsonic, transonic and supersonic speed aerodynamics. Critical Mach number.
12. Shock waves. Normal and oblique shock waves. Expansion waves. Buffet.
13. Propellers. Propellers parameters. Basic aerodynamic characteristics of propellers.