Course detail

Technology of Operating with Earthwork Machines

FSI-NT0Acad. year: 2017/2018

The course makes students acquainted with rock properties and classification by the exploitability, with methods of soil disintegration and proper usage of individual earthwork machines according to the earthwork type and extent. Besides, it deals with operating systems and checking elements of earthwork machines. This course is obligatory for students applying for the earthwork machines driving licence.

Learning outcomes of the course unit

Students will be able to consider earth properties and use suitable machines and technologies for their disintegration and manipulation. They will be also able to operate and service earthwork machines according to safety precautions.


Students are required to have basic knowledge of physics, machine parts and their mechanism and physics of materials.


Not applicable.

Recommended optional programme components

Not applicable.

Recommended or required reading

VANĚK, Antonín. Moderní strojní technika a technologie zemních prací. Praha: Academia, 2003. Česká matice technická (Academia). ISBN 8020010459. (CS)
HADDOCK, Keith. Modern earthmoving machines. Hudson, Wis.: Iconografix, 2011. ISBN 1583882901. (EN)
ČSN EN 15573 - Stroje pro zemní práce - Konstrukční požadavky pro provoz na pozemních komunikacích, ČNI, 2009 (CS)
VANĚK, Antonín. Moderní strojní technika a technologie zemních prací. Praha: Academia, 2003. Česká matice technická (Academia). ISBN 8020010459. (CS)

Planned learning activities and teaching methods

The course is taught through lectures explaining the basic principles and theory of the discipline.
Exercises are focused on practical topics presented in lectures.
Part of the course can be excursions to the companies, which manufacture or operate the equipments from the thematic area of education.

Assesment methods and criteria linked to learning outcomes

The verification of the knowledge acquired in the course:
Written exam followed by an oral exam proofreading.
Excellent (90-100 points), very good (80-89 points), good (70-79 points), satisfactory (60-69 points), sufficient (50-59 points), failed (0-49 points)

Language of instruction


Work placements

Not applicable.


The aim of this course is make students acquainted with rock properties and methods of their disintegration, choice of suitable machine for making earthworks. In addition it concerns with principles of earthwork machines operation according to their operation and service.

Specification of controlled education, way of implementation and compensation for absences

To get a graded course-unit credit students must attend seminars and elaborate assigned tasks.

Classification of course in study plans

  • Programme M2I-P Master's

    branch M-ADI , 1. year of study, winter semester, 3 credits, elective (voluntary)
    branch M-ADI , 1. year of study, winter semester, 3 credits, elective (voluntary)

Type of course unit



26 hours, optionally

Teacher / Lecturer


1.Classification of rocks according to workability, technical rock properties
2.Technological classification of earthwork machines
3.Technology of earthwork machine groups
4.Serial, parallel and combine machine groups
5.Mechanical disintegration of rocks
6.Special methods of rock disintegration
7.Operating scheme of loaders, dozers and excavators
8.Work technology of loaders and dozers
9.Work technology of excavators
10.Work technology of multipurpose and finishing machines
11.Work technology of graders
12.Technology of soil compacting, work technology of vibratory roller
13.Inspection of technical conditions, service and repairs


13 hours, compulsory

Teacher / Lecturer


1st and 2nd weeks: Earth class determination and technical properties
3rd and 4th weeks: Design of technological earthwork machine groups
5th and 6th weeks: Demonstration of loader and excavator work technologies
7th and 8th weeks: Periodic maintenance determination of engine and chassis
9th and 10th weeks: Periodic maintenance determination of hydraulic and brake systems
11th and 12th weeks: Control and inspection systems of earthwork machines
13th week: Demonstration of work technology of vibratory rollers