Course detail

Experimental Methods

FSI-KEMAcad. year: 2017/2018

The knowledge of physical properties of substances that are not so usual is important for the design of process equipment. These properties cannot be always defined by calculation; therefore they have to be determined experimentally. The result of such experiments is e.g. an invariable required for the design of process equipment based on modelling. To understand better the individual unit operations of the process engineering it is useful to demonstrate these operations in laboratory conditions.

Learning outcomes of the course unit

The course is a follow-up to other theoretical courses. Besides the description of individual experimental methods it is concerned with the organisation and work safety at laboratories, processing and interpretation of measured readings with their possible graphic expression in reports. Assignments are selected with regard to the practical needs of a process engineer.

Prerequisites

Knowledge of physics, mechanics, and chemistry at the level of the lectures presented at the study of the Faculty of Mechanical Engineering is assumed.

Co-requisites

Not applicable.

Recommended optional programme components

Not applicable.

Recommended or required reading

Perry, R. H. Chilton, C. H.: Chemical Engineers Handbook, McGraw-H..2008. (CS)
Mason R.L., Gunst R.F., Hess J.L., Statistical Design and Analysis of Experiments with Applications to Engineering and Science, USA, Wiley, 2003, ISBN 0-471-37216-1. (EN)
Medek.J.: Experimentální metody, skripta Vysoké učení technické, Brno, 1988 (CS)
Medek J, Moláček M.,Uherek J. : Experimentální práce, skripta VUT Brno, 1997, ISBN 80-214-0969-X (CS)
Pavelek.M.-Štětina.J: Experimentální metody v technice prostředí /Brno :Akademické nakladatelství CERM,2007. 3. vyd. 215 s. ISBN 978-80-214-3426-4 [SYSNO: 000078250] (CS)

Planned learning activities and teaching methods

The course is taught through lectures explaining the basic principles and theory of the discipline. The attendance at lectures is recommended. Teaching is suplemented by practical laboratory work.

Assesment methods and criteria linked to learning outcomes

Course-unit credit requirements: Attendance at seminars. Submitting reports on experimental measuring.Examination is oral. Students demonstrate the level of the acquired knowledge.

Language of instruction

Czech

Work placements

Not applicable.

Aims

The course objective is to make students familiar with laboratory work, selected experimental methods, evaluating and processing experimental results. A part of the lessons is held in the laboratory, where various assignments are solved. Experimental methods complete the theoretical part of the study. At lectures students are made familiar with the possibility to measure basic physical variables, which are important for the process engineering and with principles of instruments used in the technical practice. They will realize the importance of experimental methods as the only way of verifiyng the theoretical findings and the importance of the experiment as the basic step for developing the theory of unit operations in the process engineering.

Specification of controlled education, way of implementation and compensation for absences

The attendance at lectures is recommended. The attendance at exercises is compulsory and checked.
At seminars reports on experimental measuring are worked out. The attendance is required. Absences must be compensated

Classification of course in study plans

  • Programme M2I-P Master's

    branch M-PRI , 1. year of study, winter semester, 5 credits, compulsory
    branch M-PRI , 1. year of study, winter semester, 5 credits, compulsory

Type of course unit

 

Lecture

26 hours, optionally

Teacher / Lecturer

Syllabus

1. Fundamental terminology, the importance and purpose of measuring, measuring errors,
processing results.
2. Measuring instruments, classification, properties, static and dynamic characteristics.
3. Fundamental measuring, spce, mass, time, basic and derived quantities.
4. Pressure measuring in liquids.
5. Temperature measuring, operating conditions, assembly.
6. Humidity measurement, absulute, relative.
7. Measuring surface and inter-phase tension.
8. Measuring viscosity Newton and other liquids.
9. Heat characteristics of technical materials, heat consumption.
10.Flow measuring and quantity liquid.
11.Liquid velocity measurement.
12.Surface height measuring.
13.Chemical analytic method.

labs and studios

26 hours, compulsory

Teacher / Lecturer

Syllabus

1. Viscosity measuring according to Stokese
2. Viscosity measuring according to Englera
3. Viscosity measuring according to Hopplera
4. Density determination of minute corpuscles usingf specific-gravity bottle
5. Density determination of liquid using Mohr`s dragonfly
6. Determination of specific heat capacities bz calorimeter
7. Defining the time constant of a thermometer
8. Atmospheric moisture determination using a psychrometer
9. Defining the porosity of cellular matters
10.Determination of the repose angle of cellular matters
11.Viscosity determination of waters using a capillary viscometer
12.Determination of the flow of loose material from silo
13.Laboratory production of beer