Course detail

Therapeutic and prothetic instruments

FEKT-BTPTAcad. year: 2017/2018

The principle and construction of instruments used in therapy and surgery - electrical stimulation, magnetotherapy, ionizing and non ionizing radiation, ultrasound and low temperature. Support and substitution of organs. Therapeutical effects on human organism.

Learning outcomes of the course unit

The student is able to:
- Explain the principles of physical therapy,
- Explain the impact of physical fields and describe their effects on the human body,
- Explain the principle of electrical stimulation and specify types of stimulators, including their usage,
- Describe the use of ultrasound in the treatment and its effects, indicate structural design of ultrasonic probes and devices,
- Indicate the possibility of using electromagnetic field therapy (diathermy, radiotherapy), to explain the principles of the method, to design simple applicators,
- Describe the effect of low temperatures on human tissue, describe the technical solutions of cryocauters,
- Describe the principle of support heart function and kidney function, explain technical solutions apparatus for these purposes,
- Explain the principle of hearing aids, indicate their types, propose a method of speech signal processing,
- Explain the role of computers in planning and management of therapy, give specific examples.

Prerequisites

The subject knowledge on the secondary school level is required.

Co-requisites

Not applicable.

Recommended optional programme components

Not applicable.

Recommended or required reading

Bronzino JD et al: The Biomedical Engineering Handbook. CRC Press, Boca Raton 2000
Kline I et al: Handbook of Biomedical Engineering. Academic Press, San Diego 1988
Múčka V: Aplikace radiačních metod. ČVUT FJFI, Praha 1992
Rozman J: Terapeutická technika. Skripta VUT FEI, Brno 2000
Rozman J, a kol.: Elektronické přístroje v lékařství. Academia, Praha 2006
Robertson V, Ward A, Low J, Reed A: Electrotherapy explained: principles and practice. Elsevier, 2006

Planned learning activities and teaching methods

Techning methods include lectures and practical laboratories. Course is taking advantage of e-learning (Moodle) system. Students have to write few protocols about measurement.

Assesment methods and criteria linked to learning outcomes

Students must obtain at least 50 points out of 100 in the sub-activities:
1. laboratory tasks (min 15 points, max 30 points)
2. final exam (min 35 points, max 70 points).
Students are assessed in the laboratory, where they must demonstrate competence in the design part of the therapy equipment and measuring parameters of therapeutic devices. The final test checks student’s knowledge about the effects of physical fields on the human body and therapeutic technique.

Language of instruction

Czech

Work placements

Not applicable.

Course curriculum

1. Principles of therapy, physical therapy,
2. Effects of therapeutic procedures on the human body,
3. Electrical stimulation of muscles and organs,
4. Pacemakers, gastro- and uro-stimulators,
5. Ultrasound physical therapy, aerosology,
6. High-frequency heating of tissues, hyperthermia, electrotomy,
7. Radiotherapy nuclides and accelerated electrons, gamma knife,
8. Cryosurgery, principles and technical equipment solutions,
9. Support for a replacement heart function, extracorporeal circulation,
10. Support of renal function, hemodialysis and hemofiltration,
11. Support for sensors, digital hearing aids, cochlear and visual neuroprosthesis,
12. Computer planning and management of therapy.

Aims

The acquaintance with fundamental principles and construction of instrument in therapy, surgery used and by organ substitution.

Specification of controlled education, way of implementation and compensation for absences

Laboratory exercises are mandatory, properly excused missed lectures can be compensated individually after discussion with teacher.

Classification of course in study plans

  • Programme EEKR-B Bachelor's

    branch B-AMT , 3. year of study, summer semester, 5 credits, optional interdisciplinary
    branch B-EST , 3. year of study, summer semester, 5 credits, optional specialized

  • Programme EEKR-CZV lifelong learning

    branch ET-CZV , 1. year of study, summer semester, 5 credits, optional specialized

Type of course unit

 

Lecture

26 hours, optionally

Teacher / Lecturer

Laboratory exercise

26 hours, compulsory

Teacher / Lecturer