Publication detail

Numerical simulation of air flow in a realistic model of the human upper airways

ELCNER, J. FORMAN, M. JEDELSKÝ, J. LÍZAL, F. JÍCHA, M.

Original Title

Numerical simulation of air flow in a realistic model of the human upper airways

English Title

Numerical simulation of air flow in a realistic model of the human upper airways

Type

conference paper

Language

en

Original Abstract

This article deals with the numerical simulation of air flow in a realistic model of the human upper airways and a comparison of calculated velocity profiles with experimental results. The realistic model of the upper respiratory tract used for the comparison includes the larynx, trachea and bronchial tree to the fourth generation of branching. The numerical simulation employs URANS approach for cyclic flow regime which represents inspiration and expiration of air by sinusoidal function for the air flow rate of 15 l/min. The experimental measurement is performed using Phase-Doppler Particle Anemometry (P/DPA) on the same geometry as the simulation. The velocity data are compared at several points in the trachea, and in the first and second generation of the bronchial tree. Specific air flow characteristics are documented and discussed based on results of the numerical simulation of the velocity field.

English abstract

This article deals with the numerical simulation of air flow in a realistic model of the human upper airways and a comparison of calculated velocity profiles with experimental results. The realistic model of the upper respiratory tract used for the comparison includes the larynx, trachea and bronchial tree to the fourth generation of branching. The numerical simulation employs URANS approach for cyclic flow regime which represents inspiration and expiration of air by sinusoidal function for the air flow rate of 15 l/min. The experimental measurement is performed using Phase-Doppler Particle Anemometry (P/DPA) on the same geometry as the simulation. The velocity data are compared at several points in the trachea, and in the first and second generation of the bronchial tree. Specific air flow characteristics are documented and discussed based on results of the numerical simulation of the velocity field.

Keywords

CFD, Lung, Air flow

RIV year

2010

Released

24.11.2010

Publisher

Technical university of Liberec

Location

Liberec

ISBN

978-80-7372-670-6

Book

International conference Experimental Fluid Mechanics 2010 Conference Proceedings Volume 1

Pages from

115

Pages to

119

Pages count

4

BibTex


@inproceedings{BUT35365,
  author="Jakub {Elcner} and Matěj {Forman} and Jan {Jedelský} and František {Lízal} and Miroslav {Jícha}",
  title="Numerical simulation of air flow in a realistic model of the human upper airways",
  annote="This article deals with the numerical simulation of air flow in a realistic model of the human upper airways and a comparison of calculated velocity profiles with experimental results. The realistic model of the upper respiratory tract used for the comparison includes the larynx, trachea and bronchial tree to the fourth generation of branching. The numerical simulation employs URANS approach for cyclic flow regime which represents inspiration and expiration of air by sinusoidal function for the air flow rate of 15 l/min. The experimental measurement is performed using Phase-Doppler Particle Anemometry (P/DPA) on the same geometry as the simulation. The velocity data are compared at several points in the trachea, and in the first and second generation of the bronchial tree. Specific air flow characteristics are documented and discussed based on results of the numerical simulation of the velocity field.",
  address="Technical university of Liberec",
  booktitle="International conference Experimental Fluid Mechanics 2010 Conference Proceedings Volume 1",
  chapter="35365",
  howpublished="print",
  institution="Technical university of Liberec",
  year="2010",
  month="november",
  pages="115--119",
  publisher="Technical university of Liberec",
  type="conference paper"
}