Publication detail

Research into Biomass and Waste Gasification in Atmospheric Fluidized Bed

SKÁLA, Z. OCHRANA, L. LISÝ, M. BALÁŠ, M. KOHOUT, P.

Original Title

Research into Biomass and Waste Gasification in Atmospheric Fluidized Bed

English Title

Research into Biomass and Waste Gasification in Atmospheric Fluidized Bed

Type

conference paper

Language

en

Original Abstract

Considerable attention is paid in the Czech Republic to renewable energy sources. The largest potential, out of them all, have biomass and waste. The aim therefore is to use them in CHP in smaller units (up to 5MWel). These are the subject of the research summarized in our article. The paper presents results of experimental research into gasification in a 100 kW AFB gasifier situated in Energy Institute, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Brno University of Technology, and fitted with gas cleaning equipment. Within the research, study was carried out into gas cleaning taking primary measures in the fluidized bed and using hot filter, metal-based catalytic filter, and wet scrubber. Descriptions and diagrams are given of the gasifier and new ways of cleaning. Results include: o Impact of various fuels (farming and forest wastes and fast-growing woods and culm plants) on fuel gas quality. Individual kinds of biomass have very different thermal and physical properties; o Efficiency of a variety of cleaning methods on content of dust and tars and comparison of these methods; o Impact of gasifier process parameters on resultant gas quality.

English abstract

Considerable attention is paid in the Czech Republic to renewable energy sources. The largest potential, out of them all, have biomass and waste. The aim therefore is to use them in CHP in smaller units (up to 5MWel). These are the subject of the research summarized in our article. The paper presents results of experimental research into gasification in a 100 kW AFB gasifier situated in Energy Institute, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Brno University of Technology, and fitted with gas cleaning equipment. Within the research, study was carried out into gas cleaning taking primary measures in the fluidized bed and using hot filter, metal-based catalytic filter, and wet scrubber. Descriptions and diagrams are given of the gasifier and new ways of cleaning. Results include: o Impact of various fuels (farming and forest wastes and fast-growing woods and culm plants) on fuel gas quality. Individual kinds of biomass have very different thermal and physical properties; o Efficiency of a variety of cleaning methods on content of dust and tars and comparison of these methods; o Impact of gasifier process parameters on resultant gas quality.

Keywords

Biomass; Wastemanagement; Gasification; atmospheric fluidized bed

RIV year

2007

Released

12.11.2007

Location

Rome, Italia

Pages from

1

Pages to

12

Pages count

12

Documents

BibTex


@inproceedings{BUT25462,
  author="Zdeněk {Skála} and Ladislav {Ochrana} and Martin {Lisý} and Marek {Baláš} and Přemysl {Kohout}",
  title="Research into Biomass and Waste Gasification in Atmospheric Fluidized Bed",
  annote="Considerable attention is paid in the Czech Republic to renewable energy sources. The largest potential, out of them all, have biomass and waste. The aim therefore is to use them in CHP in smaller units (up to 5MWel). These are the subject of the research summarized in our article. The paper presents results of experimental research into gasification in a 100 kW AFB gasifier situated in Energy Institute, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Brno University of Technology, and fitted with gas cleaning equipment. Within the research, study was carried out into gas cleaning taking primary measures in the fluidized bed and using hot filter, metal-based catalytic filter, and wet scrubber. Descriptions and diagrams are given of the gasifier and new ways of cleaning. Results include: o Impact of various fuels (farming and forest wastes and fast-growing woods and culm plants) on fuel gas quality. Individual kinds of biomass have very different thermal and physical properties; o Efficiency of a variety of cleaning methods on content of dust and tars and comparison of these methods; o Impact of gasifier process parameters on resultant gas quality.",
  booktitle="20 World Energy Council - The Energy Future in an Interdependent World",
  chapter="25462",
  year="2007",
  month="november",
  pages="1--12",
  type="conference paper"
}