Publication detail

STRESS STRAIN ANALYSIS OF ABDOMINAL AORTIC ANEURYSM

BURŠA, J. RYŠAVÝ, P.

Original Title

STRESS STRAIN ANALYSIS OF ABDOMINAL AORTIC ANEURYSM

English Title

STRESS STRAIN ANALYSIS OF ABDOMINAL AORTIC ANEURYSM

Type

conference paper

Language

en

Original Abstract

Aneurysms of arteries are rather frequent diseases of cardiovascular system, especially among older people, endangering them by their rupture. They are found especially in some of the brain arteries and in abdominal part of aorta. Aneurysm of abdominal aorta (AAA) is a pathological change in lumen (inner diameter) of aorta, with synchronous decrease of wall thickness, often in the whole part between renal arteries and aortic bifurcation. This changes are mostly accompanied by creation of wall thrombus in the deformed region with decreased flow near the aortic wall. The study presented in [1] proved that maximum principal stresses in AAA wall (calculated using a 3D model) predict the risk of its rupture better than the mere maximum diameter of the aneurysm, used as a criterion for decision about its operability in clinical practice. The stress-strain analysis of AAA presented in this paper focuses on comparison of 2D and 3D finite element models of AAAs. Comparison of 2D and 3D models will enable us to evaluate the credibility of the 2D computational model that is highly convenient for computer aided decisions in clinical practices. The significance of axial prestretch in aortic wall can be estimated as well.

English abstract

Aneurysms of arteries are rather frequent diseases of cardiovascular system, especially among older people, endangering them by their rupture. They are found especially in some of the brain arteries and in abdominal part of aorta. Aneurysm of abdominal aorta (AAA) is a pathological change in lumen (inner diameter) of aorta, with synchronous decrease of wall thickness, often in the whole part between renal arteries and aortic bifurcation. This changes are mostly accompanied by creation of wall thrombus in the deformed region with decreased flow near the aortic wall. The study presented in [1] proved that maximum principal stresses in AAA wall (calculated using a 3D model) predict the risk of its rupture better than the mere maximum diameter of the aneurysm, used as a criterion for decision about its operability in clinical practice. The stress-strain analysis of AAA presented in this paper focuses on comparison of 2D and 3D finite element models of AAAs. Comparison of 2D and 3D models will enable us to evaluate the credibility of the 2D computational model that is highly convenient for computer aided decisions in clinical practices. The significance of axial prestretch in aortic wall can be estimated as well.

Keywords

Keywords: Stress-strain analysis, abdominal aortic aneurysm, finite element model

RIV year

2006

Released

13.11.2006

Publisher

Brno University of Technology, Institute of Solid Mechanics, Mechatronics and Biomechanics

Location

Hrotovice

ISBN

80-214-3232-2

Book

Human Biomechanics 2006

Pages from

178

Pages to

179

Pages count

2

Documents

BibTex


@inproceedings{BUT24575,
  author="Jiří {Burša} and Pavel {Ryšavý}",
  title="STRESS STRAIN ANALYSIS OF ABDOMINAL AORTIC ANEURYSM",
  annote="Aneurysms of arteries are rather frequent diseases of cardiovascular system, especially among older people, endangering them by their rupture. They are found especially in some of the brain  arteries and in abdominal part of aorta. Aneurysm of abdominal aorta (AAA) is a pathological change in lumen (inner diameter) of aorta, with synchronous decrease of wall thickness, often in the whole part between renal arteries and aortic bifurcation. This changes are mostly accompanied by creation of wall thrombus in the deformed region with decreased flow near the aortic wall.  The study presented in [1] proved that maximum principal stresses in AAA wall (calculated using a 3D model) predict the risk of its rupture better than the mere maximum diameter of the aneurysm, used as a criterion for decision about its  operability in clinical practice. The stress-strain analysis of AAA presented in this paper focuses on comparison of 2D and 3D finite element models of AAAs. 
Comparison of 2D and 3D models will enable us to evaluate the credibility of the 2D computational model that is highly convenient for computer aided decisions in clinical practices. The significance of axial prestretch in aortic wall can be estimated as well.",
  address="Brno University of Technology, Institute of Solid Mechanics, Mechatronics and Biomechanics",
  booktitle="Human Biomechanics 2006",
  chapter="24575",
  institution="Brno University of Technology, Institute of Solid Mechanics, Mechatronics and Biomechanics",
  year="2006",
  month="november",
  pages="178--179",
  publisher="Brno University of Technology, Institute of Solid Mechanics, Mechatronics and Biomechanics",
  type="conference paper"
}