Publication detail

Assessment of four ways of gas purification by biomass gasification

BALÁŠ, M. LISÝ, M. MILČÁK, P. POSPÍŠIL, J.

Original Title

Assessment of four ways of gas purification by biomass gasification

English Title

Assessment of four ways of gas purification by biomass gasification

Type

conference paper

Language

en

Original Abstract

Gasification is a thermochemical process in which solid fuel is transformed into flammable gas, and this gas is subsequently used in power plants for the production of electrical and thermal energy. However, the enduse of gas is limited by the impurities by which the generated gas is contaminated. The limits of these impurities are very strict and the requirements of the individual manufacturers vary. The article deals with methods of tar elimination from gas obtained by gasification of wood biomass. A whole range of methods of cleaning gas from unintentional impurities exists, differing not only in basic principles but also in efficiency and installation and operation requirements. This article compares the wet scrubbing method and method using natural or metallic catalysts. The main contribution of the article is the comparison of all methods on one device – BIOFLUID 2 - under real operating conditions. During the implementation of experiments, the operating conditions were set for each method – when the method was working with the highest efficiency.

English abstract

Gasification is a thermochemical process in which solid fuel is transformed into flammable gas, and this gas is subsequently used in power plants for the production of electrical and thermal energy. However, the enduse of gas is limited by the impurities by which the generated gas is contaminated. The limits of these impurities are very strict and the requirements of the individual manufacturers vary. The article deals with methods of tar elimination from gas obtained by gasification of wood biomass. A whole range of methods of cleaning gas from unintentional impurities exists, differing not only in basic principles but also in efficiency and installation and operation requirements. This article compares the wet scrubbing method and method using natural or metallic catalysts. The main contribution of the article is the comparison of all methods on one device – BIOFLUID 2 - under real operating conditions. During the implementation of experiments, the operating conditions were set for each method – when the method was working with the highest efficiency.

Keywords

Biomass, Dolomite, Gasification, Nickel catalysts, Tar removal, Wet scrubber

Released

18.05.2018

Publisher

ETA-Florence Renewable Energies

ISBN

978-88-89407-18-9

Book

European Biomass Conference and Exhibition Proceedings

Edition

2018

Pages from

688

Pages to

693

Pages count

6

BibTex


@inproceedings{BUT150575,
  author="Marek {Baláš} and Martin {Lisý} and Pavel {Milčák} and Jiří {Pospíšil}",
  title="Assessment of four ways of gas purification by biomass gasification",
  annote="Gasification is a thermochemical process in which solid fuel is transformed into flammable gas, and this gas is subsequently used in power plants for the production of electrical and thermal energy. However, the enduse of gas is limited by the impurities by which the generated gas is contaminated. The limits of these impurities are very strict and the requirements of the individual manufacturers vary. The article deals with methods of tar elimination from gas obtained by gasification of wood biomass. A whole range of methods of cleaning gas from unintentional impurities exists, differing not only in basic principles but also in efficiency and installation and operation requirements. This article compares the wet scrubbing method and method using natural or metallic catalysts. The main contribution of the article is the comparison of all methods on one device – BIOFLUID 2 - under real operating conditions. During the implementation of experiments, the operating conditions were set for each method – when the method was working with the highest efficiency.",
  address="ETA-Florence Renewable Energies",
  booktitle="European Biomass Conference and Exhibition Proceedings",
  chapter="150575",
  edition="2018",
  howpublished="electronic, physical medium",
  institution="ETA-Florence Renewable Energies",
  year="2018",
  month="may",
  pages="688--693",
  publisher="ETA-Florence Renewable Energies",
  type="conference paper"
}