Publication detail

The spectrometric characterization of lipids extracted from lignite samples from various coal basins

DOSKOČIL, L. ENEV, V. PEKAŘ, M. WASSERBAUER, J.

Original Title

The spectrometric characterization of lipids extracted from lignite samples from various coal basins

English Title

The spectrometric characterization of lipids extracted from lignite samples from various coal basins

Type

journal article

Language

en

Original Abstract

Lipids were extracted from seven different lignite samples and subsequently characterized using spectrometric methods. Excitation-emission matrix (EEM) or total luminescence spectrometry was here used for the first time to study lipids extracted from lignites more extensively. Spectrometric characterization showed that lipids differ from each other depending on the origin of the lignite in which they occur. EEM spectra can be used as fingerprints not only for distinguishing between lipids but also lignites. Lipids contain fluorophores, which participate in the total fluorescence of lignites; some of these also participate in the fluorescence of humic substances. The typical maxima (260-275/370-440 nm) of EEM lipid spectra lie within the A' region, which can be ascribed to aromatic ring systems and steroids. Lipids from South Moravian lignite also contain maxima in the H (255/305 nm) and V (430/475 nm) regions, in contrast to other samples. The first could be related to single aromatic systems and substituents such as carboxyl and carbonyl and the latter is probably the result of intramolecular charge-transfer states.

English abstract

Lipids were extracted from seven different lignite samples and subsequently characterized using spectrometric methods. Excitation-emission matrix (EEM) or total luminescence spectrometry was here used for the first time to study lipids extracted from lignites more extensively. Spectrometric characterization showed that lipids differ from each other depending on the origin of the lignite in which they occur. EEM spectra can be used as fingerprints not only for distinguishing between lipids but also lignites. Lipids contain fluorophores, which participate in the total fluorescence of lignites; some of these also participate in the fluorescence of humic substances. The typical maxima (260-275/370-440 nm) of EEM lipid spectra lie within the A' region, which can be ascribed to aromatic ring systems and steroids. Lipids from South Moravian lignite also contain maxima in the H (255/305 nm) and V (430/475 nm) regions, in contrast to other samples. The first could be related to single aromatic systems and substituents such as carboxyl and carbonyl and the latter is probably the result of intramolecular charge-transfer states.

Keywords

Excitation-emission matrix; Fluorophore; Humic substances; Lignite; Lipid

Released

01.05.2016

Pages from

34

Pages to

40

Pages count

7

BibTex


@article{BUT122941,
  author="Leoš {Doskočil} and Vojtěch {Enev} and Miloslav {Pekař} and Jaromír {Wasserbauer}",
  title="The spectrometric characterization of lipids extracted from lignite samples from various coal basins",
  annote="Lipids were extracted from seven different lignite samples and subsequently characterized using spectrometric methods. Excitation-emission matrix (EEM) or total luminescence spectrometry was here used for the first time to study lipids extracted from lignites more extensively. Spectrometric characterization showed that lipids differ from each other depending on the origin of the lignite in which they occur. EEM spectra can be used as fingerprints not only for distinguishing between lipids but also lignites. Lipids contain fluorophores, which participate in the total fluorescence of lignites; some of these also participate in the fluorescence of humic substances. The typical maxima (260-275/370-440 nm) of EEM lipid spectra lie within the A' region, which can be ascribed to aromatic ring systems and steroids. Lipids from South Moravian lignite also contain maxima in the H (255/305 nm) and V (430/475 nm) regions, in contrast to other samples. The first could be related to single aromatic systems and substituents such as carboxyl and carbonyl and the latter is probably the result of intramolecular charge-transfer states.",
  chapter="122941",
  doi="10.1016/j.orggeochem.2016.02.008",
  howpublished="print",
  number="5",
  volume="95",
  year="2016",
  month="may",
  pages="34--40",
  type="journal article"
}