Publication detail

Microwave plasma torch at water surface

BENOVA, E. ATANASOVA, M. BOGDANOV, T. MARINOVA, P. KRČMA, F. MAZÁNKOVÁ, V. DOSTÁL, L.

Original Title

Microwave plasma torch at water surface

English Title

Microwave plasma torch at water surface

Type

journal article in Scopus

Language

en

Original Abstract

Argon plasma torch sustained by 2.45 GHz electromagnetic wave can be in contact with water surface or penetrate inside the water depending on the wave power. The propagation of the electromagnetic wave sustaining the discharge in water is problematic: the water dielectric permittivity strongly depends on the wave frequency and the temperature and varies between 6 and 86. At wave frequency of 2.45 GHz and room temperature (20 ºC) its value is 80 which leads to very fast decay of the electromagnetic wave. We have studied both theoretically and experimentally the plasma properties and the electrodynamics of the wave propagation when the gas discharge is in contact with water. Depending on the wave power and the gas flow it is possible to produce plasma with low (room) temperature. The plasma is non-equilibrium one with electron temperature much higher than the gas/liquid temperature. Because of this, many radicals and chemically active particles can be produced even at low temperature. Depending on the regime of operation this kind of discharges can find various applications for surface treatment, sterilization, surface energy change and others, including temperature sensitive materials and liquids treatment.

English abstract

Argon plasma torch sustained by 2.45 GHz electromagnetic wave can be in contact with water surface or penetrate inside the water depending on the wave power. The propagation of the electromagnetic wave sustaining the discharge in water is problematic: the water dielectric permittivity strongly depends on the wave frequency and the temperature and varies between 6 and 86. At wave frequency of 2.45 GHz and room temperature (20 ºC) its value is 80 which leads to very fast decay of the electromagnetic wave. We have studied both theoretically and experimentally the plasma properties and the electrodynamics of the wave propagation when the gas discharge is in contact with water. Depending on the wave power and the gas flow it is possible to produce plasma with low (room) temperature. The plasma is non-equilibrium one with electron temperature much higher than the gas/liquid temperature. Because of this, many radicals and chemically active particles can be produced even at low temperature. Depending on the regime of operation this kind of discharges can find various applications for surface treatment, sterilization, surface energy change and others, including temperature sensitive materials and liquids treatment.

Keywords

microwave discharge, atmospheric pressure plasma torch, low-temperature plasma, plasma–water interaction, bio-medical plasma applications

Released

30.09.2016

Pages from

59

Pages to

65

Pages count

7

URL

BibTex


@article{BUT121439,
  author="František {Krčma} and Věra {Mazánková} and Lukáš {Dostál}",
  title="Microwave plasma torch at water surface",
  annote="Argon plasma torch sustained by 2.45 GHz electromagnetic wave can be in contact with water surface or penetrate inside the water depending on the wave power. The propagation of the electromagnetic wave sustaining the discharge in water is problematic: the water dielectric permittivity strongly depends on the wave frequency and the temperature and varies between 6 and 86. At wave frequency of 2.45 GHz and room temperature (20 ºC) its value is 80 which leads to very fast decay of the electromagnetic wave. We have studied both theoretically and experimentally the plasma properties and the electrodynamics of the wave propagation when the gas discharge is in contact with water. Depending on the wave power and the gas flow it is possible to produce plasma with low (room) temperature. The plasma is non-equilibrium one with electron temperature much higher than the gas/liquid temperature. Because of this, many radicals and chemically active particles can be produced even at low temperature. Depending on the regime of operation this kind of discharges can find various applications for surface treatment, sterilization, surface energy change and others, including temperature sensitive materials and liquids treatment.",
  chapter="121439",
  doi="10.1615/PlasmaMed.2016015862",
  howpublished="online",
  number="1",
  volume="6",
  year="2016",
  month="september",
  pages="59--65",
  type="journal article in Scopus"
}