Publication detail

Mimic's of Titan's Atmosphere Chemistry by Atmospheric Pressure Glow Discharge: Review of Recent Experimental Results

TÖRÖKOVÁ, L. HORVÁTH, G. KRČMA, F. MASON, N. MATEJČÍK, Š.

Original Title

Mimic's of Titan's Atmosphere Chemistry by Atmospheric Pressure Glow Discharge: Review of Recent Experimental Results

English Title

Mimic's of Titan's Atmosphere Chemistry by Atmospheric Pressure Glow Discharge: Review of Recent Experimental Results

Type

abstract

Language

en

Original Abstract

Titan is the largest moon in Saturn's lunar system and it has been a subject of interest to astronomers, planetary scientists as well as chemists because its atmospheric conditions are thought to have resembled to those conditions on the Earth several billion years ago. Many organic compounds as hydrocarbons and nitriles were confirmed in that atmosphere. These laboratory experiments shown that various complex compounds can be formed, for example the higher hydrocarbons, nitriles or even amino acids. The FTIR and GC-MS techniques are frequently used for these compounds determination. Atmospheric pressure DC glow discharge was created at atmospheric pressure between stainless steel electrodes with 2 mm gap. The discharge was operated at applied power from 4 to 15 W in pure nitrogen enriched by 1-5 % of methane and plus 1 % of hydrogen or 1 % of carbon dioxide. The maximum flow rate was about 200 sccm, a laboratory temperature and atmospheric pressure were in our experiments.

English abstract

Titan is the largest moon in Saturn's lunar system and it has been a subject of interest to astronomers, planetary scientists as well as chemists because its atmospheric conditions are thought to have resembled to those conditions on the Earth several billion years ago. Many organic compounds as hydrocarbons and nitriles were confirmed in that atmosphere. These laboratory experiments shown that various complex compounds can be formed, for example the higher hydrocarbons, nitriles or even amino acids. The FTIR and GC-MS techniques are frequently used for these compounds determination. Atmospheric pressure DC glow discharge was created at atmospheric pressure between stainless steel electrodes with 2 mm gap. The discharge was operated at applied power from 4 to 15 W in pure nitrogen enriched by 1-5 % of methane and plus 1 % of hydrogen or 1 % of carbon dioxide. The maximum flow rate was about 200 sccm, a laboratory temperature and atmospheric pressure were in our experiments.

Keywords

nitrogen-methane mixture, Titan atmosphere, atmospheric pressure glow discharge, discharge product analyzes

Released

02.04.2013

Publisher

Open Universitz

Location

Milton Keynes

Pages from

28

Pages to

28

Pages count

1

BibTex


@misc{BUT101798,
  author="Lucie {Töröková} and Gabriel {Horváth} and František {Krčma} and Nigel {Mason} and Štefan {Matejčík}",
  title="Mimic's of Titan's Atmosphere Chemistry by Atmospheric Pressure Glow Discharge: Review of Recent Experimental Results",
  annote="Titan is the largest moon in Saturn's lunar system and it has been a subject of interest to astronomers, planetary scientists as well as chemists because its atmospheric conditions are thought to have resembled to those conditions on the Earth several billion years ago. Many organic compounds as hydrocarbons and nitriles were confirmed in that atmosphere. These laboratory experiments shown that various complex compounds can be formed, for example the higher hydrocarbons, nitriles or even amino acids. The FTIR and GC-MS techniques are frequently used for these compounds determination. Atmospheric pressure DC glow discharge was created at atmospheric pressure between stainless steel electrodes with 2 mm gap. The discharge was operated at applied power from 4 to 15 W in pure nitrogen enriched by 1-5 % of methane and plus 1 % of hydrogen or 1 % of carbon dioxide. The maximum flow rate was about 200 sccm, a laboratory temperature and atmospheric pressure were in our experiments.",
  address="Open Universitz",
  booktitle="COST Action CM0805 The Chemical Cosmos – Final Annual Conference – Abstract Book",
  chapter="101798",
  institution="Open Universitz",
  year="2013",
  month="april",
  pages="28--28",
  publisher="Open Universitz",
  type="abstract"
}