Publication detail

The Comparison of the Contrasts of Magnetic Resonance Images of Plants

POKLUDOVÁ, M. GESCHEIDTOVÁ, E.

Original Title

The Comparison of the Contrasts of Magnetic Resonance Images of Plants

English Title

The Comparison of the Contrasts of Magnetic Resonance Images of Plants

Type

conference paper

Language

en

Original Abstract

To obtain an image with the largest information value, the best image contrast during the measurement of the object in the magnetic resonance tomograph is necessary to achieve. This contrast depends on the physical properties of the object, in particular a proton density and relaxation properties of the material. Furthermore, the contrast depends on parameter characteristic for each MR method: Spin Echo, Gradient Echo and Inversion Recovery. The echo time and repetition time are included between the two most important parameters of pulse sequence. We can create four different variants of contrast by combining these two mentioned times: the contrast spin density, the T1 weighted contrast, the T2 weighted contrast, and the last one is inappropriate setting for the contrast. Each resulting contrast is suitable for displaying different plant stem tissues. An increase in the contrast can also be achieved by adding contrast (paramagnetic) substances for differentiation of isomagnetics tissues. The aim of this paper is to display the internal morphology of plants by various methods with subsequent comparison of contrast and identification of an appropriate method for the study of transport of substances in the stem of the plant. Euphorbia cactus was chosen for the study of the image contrasts. This plant was inserted into working space of the tomograph. Images of the plant stem were acquired by a magnetic resonance tomograph with the magnetic field induction of 4.7 T (200 MHz). The evaluation of the results obtained via the applied methods as related the last measurement. The data processing was performed by using Marevisi and Matlab programs. Monitored parameters of individual plant samples were inserted into a table and inserted into graphs. By evaluating and comparing the relaxation times, it can be determined that, in the same selected points, the relaxation time T2 exhibits shorter values than the relaxation time T1. This holds true despite the fact that method for weighted by relaxation time T2 is a faster method. Moreover, the final image acquired via this method is of inferior quality. The resulting image after weighted relaxation time T1 nevertheless exhibits a lower value of image intensity.

English abstract

To obtain an image with the largest information value, the best image contrast during the measurement of the object in the magnetic resonance tomograph is necessary to achieve. This contrast depends on the physical properties of the object, in particular a proton density and relaxation properties of the material. Furthermore, the contrast depends on parameter characteristic for each MR method: Spin Echo, Gradient Echo and Inversion Recovery. The echo time and repetition time are included between the two most important parameters of pulse sequence. We can create four different variants of contrast by combining these two mentioned times: the contrast spin density, the T1 weighted contrast, the T2 weighted contrast, and the last one is inappropriate setting for the contrast. Each resulting contrast is suitable for displaying different plant stem tissues. An increase in the contrast can also be achieved by adding contrast (paramagnetic) substances for differentiation of isomagnetics tissues. The aim of this paper is to display the internal morphology of plants by various methods with subsequent comparison of contrast and identification of an appropriate method for the study of transport of substances in the stem of the plant. Euphorbia cactus was chosen for the study of the image contrasts. This plant was inserted into working space of the tomograph. Images of the plant stem were acquired by a magnetic resonance tomograph with the magnetic field induction of 4.7 T (200 MHz). The evaluation of the results obtained via the applied methods as related the last measurement. The data processing was performed by using Marevisi and Matlab programs. Monitored parameters of individual plant samples were inserted into a table and inserted into graphs. By evaluating and comparing the relaxation times, it can be determined that, in the same selected points, the relaxation time T2 exhibits shorter values than the relaxation time T1. This holds true despite the fact that method for weighted by relaxation time T2 is a faster method. Moreover, the final image acquired via this method is of inferior quality. The resulting image after weighted relaxation time T1 nevertheless exhibits a lower value of image intensity.

Keywords

NMR, the T1 weighted contrast, T2 weighted contrast, Marevisi, Spin Echo, Gradient Echo and Inversion Recovery.

RIV year

2013

Released

25.03.2013

Publisher

The Electromagnwetic Academy, USA

Location

Taipei

ISBN

978-1-934142-24-0

Book

PIERS 2013 Taipei, Progress In Electromagnetics Reasearch Symposium

Edition number

1

Pages from

397

Pages to

400

Pages count

4

BibTex


@inproceedings{BUT99238,
  author="Michaela {Pokludová} and Eva {Gescheidtová}",
  title="The Comparison of the Contrasts of Magnetic Resonance Images of Plants",
  annote="To obtain an image with the largest information value, the best image contrast during the measurement of the object in the magnetic resonance tomograph is necessary to achieve. This contrast depends on the physical properties of the object, in particular a proton density and relaxation properties of the material. Furthermore, the contrast depends on parameter characteristic for each MR method: Spin Echo, Gradient Echo and Inversion Recovery. The echo time and repetition time are included between the two most important parameters of pulse sequence. We can create four different variants of contrast by combining these two mentioned times: the contrast spin density, the T1 weighted contrast, the T2 weighted contrast, and the last one is inappropriate setting for the contrast. Each resulting contrast is suitable for displaying different plant stem tissues. An increase in the contrast can also be achieved by adding contrast (paramagnetic) substances for differentiation of isomagnetics tissues. The aim of this paper is to display the internal morphology of plants by various methods with subsequent comparison of contrast and identification of an appropriate method for the study of transport of substances in the stem of the plant. Euphorbia cactus was chosen for the study of the image contrasts. This plant was inserted into working space of the tomograph. Images of the plant stem were acquired by a magnetic resonance tomograph with the magnetic field induction of 4.7 T (200 MHz). The evaluation of the results obtained via the applied methods as related the last measurement. The data processing was performed by using Marevisi and Matlab programs. Monitored parameters of individual plant samples were inserted into a table and inserted into graphs. By evaluating and comparing the relaxation times, it can be determined that, in the same selected points, the relaxation time T2 exhibits shorter values than the relaxation time T1. This holds true despite the fact that method for weighted by relaxation time T2 is a faster method. Moreover, the final image acquired via this method is of inferior quality. The resulting image after weighted relaxation time T1 nevertheless exhibits a lower value of image intensity.",
  address="The Electromagnwetic Academy, USA",
  booktitle="PIERS 2013 Taipei, Progress In Electromagnetics Reasearch Symposium",
  chapter="99238",
  howpublished="electronic, physical medium",
  institution="The Electromagnwetic Academy, USA",
  year="2013",
  month="march",
  pages="397--400",
  publisher="The Electromagnwetic Academy, USA",
  type="conference paper"
}