Publication detail

Gas-Liquid Interaction in Internally Mixed Twin-Fluid Atomization

JEDELSKÝ, J. JÍCHA, M.

Original Title

Gas-Liquid Interaction in Internally Mixed Twin-Fluid Atomization

English Title

Gas-Liquid Interaction in Internally Mixed Twin-Fluid Atomization

Type

abstract

Language

en

Original Abstract

Twin-fluid atomizers with internal mixing, such as effervescent atomizers, are based on mixing of a gas with the sprayed liquid prior to discharge. Near nozzle two-phase flow undergoes fragmentation process, mixing with surrounding air and gas expansion leading to a complex character of flow field. We first generally describe the interaction between droplets and gas jet using simple theoretical models, following with elucidation of dynamics of droplets in an effervescent spray using experimental data. Spatially resolved data were acquired using Phase Doppler anemometry for a range of operation conditions. Significant discrepancy between real spray and the model predictions was found and related to spray unsteadiness, break-up of the liquid, dense flow and a highly complex three-dimensional character of the jet with turbulent flow and mixing with ambient air. Velocity field of the droplets is affected by the gas less than predicted by simple models and the difference between predictions and real situation depends on character of the internal flow. Particle velocity close the spray centreline depends on discharge conditions. Gas flow affects strongly small particles near the nozzle and also larger particles with increasing axial distance. Near the spray edge mixing of the spray mass with surrounding air takes place which leads to selective deceleration of small particles.

English abstract

Twin-fluid atomizers with internal mixing, such as effervescent atomizers, are based on mixing of a gas with the sprayed liquid prior to discharge. Near nozzle two-phase flow undergoes fragmentation process, mixing with surrounding air and gas expansion leading to a complex character of flow field. We first generally describe the interaction between droplets and gas jet using simple theoretical models, following with elucidation of dynamics of droplets in an effervescent spray using experimental data. Spatially resolved data were acquired using Phase Doppler anemometry for a range of operation conditions. Significant discrepancy between real spray and the model predictions was found and related to spray unsteadiness, break-up of the liquid, dense flow and a highly complex three-dimensional character of the jet with turbulent flow and mixing with ambient air. Velocity field of the droplets is affected by the gas less than predicted by simple models and the difference between predictions and real situation depends on character of the internal flow. Particle velocity close the spray centreline depends on discharge conditions. Gas flow affects strongly small particles near the nozzle and also larger particles with increasing axial distance. Near the spray edge mixing of the spray mass with surrounding air takes place which leads to selective deceleration of small particles.

Keywords

Twin-fluid atomizers with internal mixing, effervescent atomizers, Gas-Liquid Interaction

Released

20.11.2012

Publisher

University of Auckland

Location

Auckland, Nový Zéland

Pages from

173

Pages to

178

Pages count

6

BibTex


@misc{BUT95500,
  author="Jan {Jedelský} and Miroslav {Jícha}",
  title="Gas-Liquid Interaction in Internally Mixed Twin-Fluid Atomization",
  annote="Twin-fluid atomizers with internal mixing, such as effervescent atomizers, are based on mixing of a gas with the sprayed liquid prior to discharge. Near nozzle two-phase flow undergoes fragmentation process, mixing with surrounding air and gas expansion leading to a complex character of flow field. We first generally describe the interaction between droplets and gas jet using simple theoretical models, following with elucidation of dynamics of droplets in an effervescent spray using experimental data. Spatially resolved data were acquired using Phase Doppler anemometry for a range of operation conditions. Significant discrepancy between real spray and the model predictions was found and related to spray unsteadiness, break-up of the liquid, dense flow and a highly complex three-dimensional character of the jet with turbulent flow and mixing with ambient air. Velocity field of the droplets is affected by the gas less than predicted by simple models and the difference between predictions and real situation depends on character of the internal flow. Particle velocity close the spray centreline depends on discharge conditions. Gas flow affects strongly small particles near the nozzle and also larger particles with increasing axial distance. Near the spray edge mixing of the spray mass with surrounding air takes place which leads to selective deceleration of small particles.",
  address="University of Auckland",
  booktitle="Symposium handbook of 23rd International Symposium on Transport Phenomena",
  chapter="95500",
  institution="University of Auckland",
  year="2012",
  month="november",
  pages="173--178",
  publisher="University of Auckland",
  type="abstract"
}