Publication detail

FINAL-STRUCTURE PREDICTION OF CONTINUOUSLY CAST BILLETS

ŠTĚTINA, J. KLIMEŠ, L. MAUDER, T. KAVIČKA, F.

Original Title

FINAL-STRUCTURE PREDICTION OF CONTINUOUSLY CAST BILLETS

English Title

FINAL-STRUCTURE PREDICTION OF CONTINUOUSLY CAST BILLETS

Type

journal article in Web of Science

Language

en

Original Abstract

In steel production, controlling and monitoring quality, grade and structure of final steel products are very important issues. It has been shown that the temperature distribution, the magnitude of temperature gradients, as well as the cooling strategy during the continuous steel casting have a significant impact on material properties, the structure and any defect formation of cast products. The paper describes an accurate computational tool intended for investigating the transient phenomena in continuously cast billets, for developing the caster control techniques and also for determining the optimum cooling strategy in order to meet all quality requirements. The numerical model of the temperature field is based on the finite-difference implementation of the 3D energy-balance equation using the enthalpy approach. This allows us to analyse the temperature field along the entire cast billet. Since the steel billets are produced constantly 24 hours per day, the transient temperature field is being computed in a non-stop trial run. It enables us to monitor and investigate the formation of the temperature field in real time within the mould, as well as the secondary and tertiary cooling zones, where the observed information can be immediately utilized for the caster-control optimization with respect to the whole machine or just an individual part. The application of the presented model is demonstrated with two examples including the steelworks in Trinec, Czech Republic, and in Podbrezová, Slovakia. To consider different operational conditions, the influences of the secondary-cooling setting on the surface and the inner defects formation, and on the final structure of the 150 x150 mm billet are also discussed.

English abstract

In steel production, controlling and monitoring quality, grade and structure of final steel products are very important issues. It has been shown that the temperature distribution, the magnitude of temperature gradients, as well as the cooling strategy during the continuous steel casting have a significant impact on material properties, the structure and any defect formation of cast products. The paper describes an accurate computational tool intended for investigating the transient phenomena in continuously cast billets, for developing the caster control techniques and also for determining the optimum cooling strategy in order to meet all quality requirements. The numerical model of the temperature field is based on the finite-difference implementation of the 3D energy-balance equation using the enthalpy approach. This allows us to analyse the temperature field along the entire cast billet. Since the steel billets are produced constantly 24 hours per day, the transient temperature field is being computed in a non-stop trial run. It enables us to monitor and investigate the formation of the temperature field in real time within the mould, as well as the secondary and tertiary cooling zones, where the observed information can be immediately utilized for the caster-control optimization with respect to the whole machine or just an individual part. The application of the presented model is demonstrated with two examples including the steelworks in Trinec, Czech Republic, and in Podbrezová, Slovakia. To consider different operational conditions, the influences of the secondary-cooling setting on the surface and the inner defects formation, and on the final structure of the 150 x150 mm billet are also discussed.

Keywords

concast billet, numerical model, solidification

RIV year

2012

Released

10.04.2012

Publisher

IMT Ljubljana

Location

Ljubljana Slovinsko

Pages from

155

Pages to

160

Pages count

6

Documents

BibTex


@article{BUT90525,
  author="Josef {Štětina} and Lubomír {Klimeš} and Tomáš {Mauder} and František {Kavička}",
  title="FINAL-STRUCTURE PREDICTION OF CONTINUOUSLY CAST BILLETS",
  annote="In steel production, controlling and monitoring quality, grade and structure of final steel products are very important issues. It
has been shown that the temperature distribution, the magnitude of temperature gradients, as well as the cooling strategy during
the continuous steel casting have a significant impact on material properties, the structure and any defect formation of cast
products. The paper describes an accurate computational tool intended for investigating the transient phenomena in continuously
cast billets, for developing the caster control techniques and also for determining the optimum cooling strategy in order to meet
all quality requirements. The numerical model of the temperature field is based on the finite-difference implementation of the
3D energy-balance equation using the enthalpy approach. This allows us to analyse the temperature field along the entire cast
billet. Since the steel billets are produced constantly 24 hours per day, the transient temperature field is being computed in a
non-stop trial run. It enables us to monitor and investigate the formation of the temperature field in real time within the mould,
as well as the secondary and tertiary cooling zones, where the observed information can be immediately utilized for the
caster-control optimization with respect to the whole machine or just an individual part. The application of the presented model
is demonstrated with two examples including the steelworks in Trinec, Czech Republic, and in Podbrezová, Slovakia. To
consider different operational conditions, the influences of the secondary-cooling setting on the surface and the inner defects
formation, and on the final structure of the 150 x150 mm billet are also discussed.",
  address="IMT Ljubljana",
  chapter="90525",
  institution="IMT Ljubljana",
  number="2",
  volume="46",
  year="2012",
  month="april",
  pages="155--160",
  publisher="IMT Ljubljana",
  type="journal article in Web of Science"
}