Publication detail

Sintering of gadolinia-doped ceria prepared by mechanochemical synthesis

MACA, K. CIHLÁŘ, J. ČÁSTKOVÁ, K. ZMEŠKAL, O. HADRABA, H.

Original Title

Sintering of gadolinia-doped ceria prepared by mechanochemical synthesis

English Title

Sintering of gadolinia-doped ceria prepared by mechanochemical synthesis

Type

journal article in Web of Science

Language

en

Original Abstract

Gadolinia-doped ceria (GDC) ceramics were prepared by mechanochemical synthesis of ceria and gadolinia (10mol.%) powders with subsequent uniaxial pressing and pressureless sintering. The mechanochemical synthesis was conducted in an attritor with different dispersion media: neutral (distilled water), basic (aqueous solution of ammonia), acidic (aqueous solution of propionic acid), and non-polar medium (xylene with stearic acid). The effect of suspension composition and attritor milling time on the sintering behaviour and ionic conductivity of GDC was studied. An attritor milling time of 3 to 6 hours was evaluated as the optimum milling time from the viewpoint of further sintering behaviour. Longer milling times resulted in nanometre-sized powders, whose sintering behaviour deteriorated due to powder agglomeration. The appearance of agglomerates in the non-polar medium was reduced. The ionic conductivity of the samples was evaluated by impedance spectroscopy and correlated with their microstructure.

English abstract

Gadolinia-doped ceria (GDC) ceramics were prepared by mechanochemical synthesis of ceria and gadolinia (10mol.%) powders with subsequent uniaxial pressing and pressureless sintering. The mechanochemical synthesis was conducted in an attritor with different dispersion media: neutral (distilled water), basic (aqueous solution of ammonia), acidic (aqueous solution of propionic acid), and non-polar medium (xylene with stearic acid). The effect of suspension composition and attritor milling time on the sintering behaviour and ionic conductivity of GDC was studied. An attritor milling time of 3 to 6 hours was evaluated as the optimum milling time from the viewpoint of further sintering behaviour. Longer milling times resulted in nanometre-sized powders, whose sintering behaviour deteriorated due to powder agglomeration. The appearance of agglomerates in the non-polar medium was reduced. The ionic conductivity of the samples was evaluated by impedance spectroscopy and correlated with their microstructure.

Keywords

Milling; Sintering; Ionic conductivity; Gadolinia-doped CeO2

RIV year

2007

Released

16.04.2007

Publisher

Elsevier Science

Location

THE BOULEVARD, LANGFORD LANE, KIDLINGTON, OXFORD OX5 1GB, OXON, ENGLAND

ISBN

0955-2219

Periodical

Journal of the European Ceramic Society

Year of study

27

Number

13-15

State

GB

Pages from

4345

Pages to

4348

Pages count

4

Documents

BibTex


@article{BUT43990,
  author="Karel {Maca} and Jaroslav {Cihlář} and Klára {Částková} and Oldřich {Zmeškal} and Hynek {Hadraba}",
  title="Sintering of gadolinia-doped ceria prepared by mechanochemical synthesis",
  annote="Gadolinia-doped ceria (GDC) ceramics were prepared by mechanochemical synthesis of ceria and gadolinia (10mol.%) powders with subsequent uniaxial pressing and pressureless sintering. The mechanochemical synthesis was conducted in an attritor with different dispersion media: neutral (distilled water), basic (aqueous solution of ammonia), acidic (aqueous solution of propionic acid), and non-polar medium (xylene with stearic acid). The effect of suspension composition and attritor milling time on the sintering behaviour and ionic conductivity of GDC was studied. An attritor milling time of 3 to 6 hours was evaluated as the optimum milling time from the viewpoint of further sintering behaviour. Longer milling times resulted in nanometre-sized powders, whose sintering behaviour deteriorated due to powder agglomeration. The appearance of agglomerates in the non-polar medium was reduced. The ionic conductivity of the samples was evaluated by impedance spectroscopy and correlated with their microstructure.",
  address="Elsevier Science",
  chapter="43990",
  institution="Elsevier Science",
  journal="Journal of the European Ceramic Society",
  number="13-15",
  volume="27",
  year="2007",
  month="april",
  pages="4345--4348",
  publisher="Elsevier Science",
  type="journal article in Web of Science"
}