Publication detail

Nonthermal plasma modification of polypropylene fibres for cementitious composites

MORÁVEK, T. FIALOVÁ, M. KOPKÁNĚ, D. RÁHEĽ, J. SŤAHEL, P. ČERNÁK, M.

Original Title

Nonthermal plasma modification of polypropylene fibres for cementitious composites

English Title

Nonthermal plasma modification of polypropylene fibres for cementitious composites

Type

journal article in Web of Science

Language

en

Original Abstract

The plasma treatment of polypropylene fibres used as concrete admixtures for improving its mechanical properties is the focus of this research paper. A plasma treatment was conducted in a low-temperature plasma environment at atmospheric pressure in a DCSBD (Diffuse Coplanar Surface Barrier Discharge). The degree of hydrophilicity caused by the plasma treatment was determined by measuring the rate of penetration of water into the porous media, commonly referred to as the Washburn method. The influence of the addition of PP (polypropylene) fibres to the concrete matrix was investigated using a three point bending test which determined the flexural strength of concrete samples. Our experiments demostrate that plasma improves both the wettability of PP fibres and its adhesion to the concrete matrix. The tests of flexural strength show, that even a short plasma treatment (5 s) can have a significant impact on the mechanical properties of fibre-reinforced concrete composite.

English abstract

The plasma treatment of polypropylene fibres used as concrete admixtures for improving its mechanical properties is the focus of this research paper. A plasma treatment was conducted in a low-temperature plasma environment at atmospheric pressure in a DCSBD (Diffuse Coplanar Surface Barrier Discharge). The degree of hydrophilicity caused by the plasma treatment was determined by measuring the rate of penetration of water into the porous media, commonly referred to as the Washburn method. The influence of the addition of PP (polypropylene) fibres to the concrete matrix was investigated using a three point bending test which determined the flexural strength of concrete samples. Our experiments demostrate that plasma improves both the wettability of PP fibres and its adhesion to the concrete matrix. The tests of flexural strength show, that even a short plasma treatment (5 s) can have a significant impact on the mechanical properties of fibre-reinforced concrete composite.

Keywords

plasma treatment; DCSBD; polypropylene fibres; concrete; confocal microsope; Washburn method

Released

01.01.2015

Publisher

De Gruyter Open Ltd

Location

POLAND, SP Z O O, BOGUMILA ZUGA 32A STR, 01-811 WARSAW, MAZOVIA

ISBN

2391-5420

Periodical

Open Chemistry

Year of study

13

Number

1

State

PL

Pages from

236

Pages to

244

Pages count

9

URL

Documents

BibTex


@article{BUT164223,
  author="Tomáš {Morávek} and Monika {Fialová} and Daniel {Kopkáně} and Jozef {Ráheľ} and Pavel {Sťahel} and Mirko {Černák}",
  title="Nonthermal plasma modification of polypropylene fibres for cementitious composites",
  annote="The plasma treatment of polypropylene fibres used as concrete admixtures for improving its mechanical properties is the focus of this research paper. A plasma treatment was conducted in a low-temperature plasma environment at atmospheric pressure in a DCSBD (Diffuse Coplanar Surface Barrier Discharge). The degree of hydrophilicity caused by the plasma treatment was determined by measuring the rate of penetration of water into the porous media, commonly referred to as the Washburn method. The influence of the addition of PP (polypropylene) fibres to the concrete matrix was investigated using a three point bending test which determined the flexural strength of concrete samples. Our experiments demostrate that plasma improves both the wettability of PP fibres and its adhesion to the concrete matrix. The tests of flexural strength show, that even a short plasma treatment (5 s) can have a significant impact on the mechanical properties of fibre-reinforced concrete composite.",
  address="De Gruyter Open Ltd",
  chapter="164223",
  doi="10.1515/chem-2015-0029",
  howpublished="online",
  institution="De Gruyter Open Ltd",
  number="1",
  volume="13",
  year="2015",
  month="january",
  pages="236--244",
  publisher="De Gruyter Open Ltd",
  type="journal article in Web of Science"
}