Publication detail

Automatic detection of P wave in ECG during ventricular extrasystoles

MARŠÁNOVÁ, L. NĚMCOVÁ, A. SMÍŠEK, R. GOLDMANN, T. VÍTEK, M. SMITAL, L.

Original Title

Automatic detection of P wave in ECG during ventricular extrasystoles

English Title

Automatic detection of P wave in ECG during ventricular extrasystoles

Type

conference paper

Language

en

Original Abstract

This work introduces a new method for P wave detection in ECG signals during ventricular extrasystoles. The authors of previous works which deal with detec-tion of P waves tested their algorithms mainly on physiological records (sinus rhythm) and they reached good results for these records. Testing of P wave de-tection algorithms using pathological records is usually not provided and if it is, the results are notably worse than in the case of physiological records. The auto-matic and reliable detection of atrial activity in pathological situations is still an unsolved problem. In this work, phasor transform in combination with classifica-tion algorithm is used for P wave detection. Phasor transform converts each ECG sample into a phasor which enhances changes in the ECG signal. The classifica-tion is based on extraction of morphological features which are derived from each QRS complex. The results of classification are used for demarcation of areas in which P waves are searched using phasor transform. The proposed algorithm was tested on signals no. 106, 119, 214 and 223 from MIT-BIH arrhythmia da-tabase, in which the ventricular extrasystoles are present. For validation whether the algorithm is functional also for signals with physiological rhythm, it was test-ed on the signals no. 100, 101, 103, 117, and 122. The accuracy of the P wave detection in signals with ventricular extrasystoles is Se = 98.94 % and PP = 98.30 % and in signals without pathology is Se = 98.47 % and PP = 99.99 %.

English abstract

This work introduces a new method for P wave detection in ECG signals during ventricular extrasystoles. The authors of previous works which deal with detec-tion of P waves tested their algorithms mainly on physiological records (sinus rhythm) and they reached good results for these records. Testing of P wave de-tection algorithms using pathological records is usually not provided and if it is, the results are notably worse than in the case of physiological records. The auto-matic and reliable detection of atrial activity in pathological situations is still an unsolved problem. In this work, phasor transform in combination with classifica-tion algorithm is used for P wave detection. Phasor transform converts each ECG sample into a phasor which enhances changes in the ECG signal. The classifica-tion is based on extraction of morphological features which are derived from each QRS complex. The results of classification are used for demarcation of areas in which P waves are searched using phasor transform. The proposed algorithm was tested on signals no. 106, 119, 214 and 223 from MIT-BIH arrhythmia da-tabase, in which the ventricular extrasystoles are present. For validation whether the algorithm is functional also for signals with physiological rhythm, it was test-ed on the signals no. 100, 101, 103, 117, and 122. The accuracy of the P wave detection in signals with ventricular extrasystoles is Se = 98.94 % and PP = 98.30 % and in signals without pathology is Se = 98.47 % and PP = 99.99 %.

Keywords

ECG, electrocardiogram, ventricular extrasystoles, P wave, P wave detection, pathological ECG signal

Released

09.05.2018

Publisher

Springer Singapore

Location

Praha

ISBN

978-981-10-9038-7

Book

World Congress on Medical Physics and Biomedical Engineering 2018

Edition

IFMBE Proceedings

Edition number

3

Pages from

381

Pages to

385

Pages count

5

URL

BibTex


@inproceedings{BUT150617,
  author="Lucie {Maršánová} and Andrea {Němcová} and Radovan {Smíšek} and Tomáš {Goldmann} and Martin {Vítek} and Lukáš {Smital}",
  title="Automatic detection of P wave in ECG during ventricular extrasystoles",
  annote="This work introduces a new method for P wave detection in ECG signals during ventricular extrasystoles. The authors of previous works which deal with detec-tion of P waves tested their algorithms mainly on physiological records (sinus rhythm) and they reached good results for these records. Testing of P wave de-tection algorithms using pathological records is usually not provided and if it is, the results are notably worse than in the case of physiological records. The auto-matic and reliable detection of atrial activity in pathological situations is still an unsolved problem. In this work, phasor transform in combination with classifica-tion algorithm is used for P wave detection. Phasor transform converts each ECG sample into a phasor which enhances changes in the ECG signal. The classifica-tion is based on extraction of morphological features which are derived from each QRS complex. The results of classification are used for demarcation of areas in which P waves are searched using phasor transform. The proposed algorithm was tested on signals no. 106, 119, 214 and 223 from MIT-BIH arrhythmia da-tabase, in which the ventricular extrasystoles are present. For validation whether the algorithm is functional also for signals with physiological rhythm, it was test-ed on the signals no. 100, 101, 103, 117, and 122. The accuracy of the P wave detection in signals with ventricular extrasystoles is Se = 98.94 % and PP = 98.30 % and in signals without pathology is Se = 98.47 % and PP = 99.99 %.",
  address="Springer Singapore",
  booktitle="World Congress on Medical Physics and Biomedical Engineering 2018",
  chapter="150617",
  doi="10.1007/978-981-10-9038-7_72",
  edition="IFMBE Proceedings",
  howpublished="online",
  institution="Springer Singapore",
  number="3",
  year="2018",
  month="may",
  pages="381--385",
  publisher="Springer Singapore",
  type="conference paper"
}