Publication detail

Wear Analysis of Extracted Polyethylene Acetabular Cups Using a 3D Optical Scanner

RANUŠA, M. GALLO, J. VRBKA, M. HOBZA, M. PALOUŠEK, D. KŘUPKA, I. HARTL, M.

Original Title

Wear Analysis of Extracted Polyethylene Acetabular Cups Using a 3D Optical Scanner

English Title

Wear Analysis of Extracted Polyethylene Acetabular Cups Using a 3D Optical Scanner

Type

journal article in Web of Science

Language

en

Original Abstract

Wear analysis of total hip replacements (THR) is considered as one of the most relevant research areas helping to improve the longevity and the overall design of the THR. The co-ordinate machine method (CMM) andFourier profilometry are the most common methods for measuring the THR wear today. This paper presents optical scanner digitalization as a new method for measuring the wear of polyethylene acetabular cups. The aim of this paper is to explore the potential of this method for the polyethylene wear measurements. Optical scans for the purposes of this study were produced by the 3D optical scanner ATOS Triple Scan. The optical scanner is efficient and it can measure a large number of points for polygonisation and for further development of the pre-worn models. In this study, the scanner first generated point clouds on a sample of 13 retrieved UHMWPE acetabular cups. Next, volumetric models of the cups were created by polygonising the point clouds. Reverse engineering was used to develop models of the original acetabular cups using the geometry of the unworn parts of the retrieved cups. A comparison of the two models then showed the total volume of the polyethylene debris. The optical scanning method was validated against the gravimetric method using three new acetabular cups that were worn out on a hip pendulum simulator. Validation shows that the optical scanning method is a valid method for wear analysis of the retrieved UHMWPE acetabular cups.

English abstract

Wear analysis of total hip replacements (THR) is considered as one of the most relevant research areas helping to improve the longevity and the overall design of the THR. The co-ordinate machine method (CMM) andFourier profilometry are the most common methods for measuring the THR wear today. This paper presents optical scanner digitalization as a new method for measuring the wear of polyethylene acetabular cups. The aim of this paper is to explore the potential of this method for the polyethylene wear measurements. Optical scans for the purposes of this study were produced by the 3D optical scanner ATOS Triple Scan. The optical scanner is efficient and it can measure a large number of points for polygonisation and for further development of the pre-worn models. In this study, the scanner first generated point clouds on a sample of 13 retrieved UHMWPE acetabular cups. Next, volumetric models of the cups were created by polygonising the point clouds. Reverse engineering was used to develop models of the original acetabular cups using the geometry of the unworn parts of the retrieved cups. A comparison of the two models then showed the total volume of the polyethylene debris. The optical scanning method was validated against the gravimetric method using three new acetabular cups that were worn out on a hip pendulum simulator. Validation shows that the optical scanning method is a valid method for wear analysis of the retrieved UHMWPE acetabular cups.

Keywords

Total hip replacement, polyethylene, wear measurement, optical digitalization, volumetric wear

Released

10.05.2016

Publisher

Taylor & Francis

Location

Great Britain

Pages from

437

Pages to

447

Pages count

10

URL

BibTex


@article{BUT124705,
  author="Matúš {Ranuša} and Martin {Vrbka} and David {Paloušek} and Ivan {Křupka} and Martin {Hartl}",
  title="Wear Analysis of Extracted Polyethylene Acetabular Cups Using a 3D Optical Scanner",
  annote="Wear analysis of total hip replacements (THR) is considered as one of the most relevant research areas helping to improve the longevity and the overall design of the THR. The co-ordinate machine method (CMM) andFourier profilometry are the most common methods for measuring the THR wear today. This paper presents optical scanner digitalization as a new method for measuring the wear of polyethylene acetabular cups. The aim of this paper is to explore the potential of this method for the polyethylene wear measurements. Optical scans for the purposes of this study were produced by the 3D optical scanner ATOS Triple Scan. The optical scanner is efficient and it can measure a large number of points for polygonisation and for further development of the pre-worn models. In this study, the scanner first generated point clouds on a sample of 13 retrieved UHMWPE acetabular cups. Next, volumetric models of the cups were created by polygonising the point clouds. Reverse engineering was used to develop models of the original acetabular cups using the geometry of the unworn parts of the retrieved cups. A comparison of the two models then showed the total volume of the polyethylene debris. The optical scanning method was validated against the gravimetric method using three new acetabular cups that were worn out on a hip pendulum simulator. Validation shows that the optical scanning method is a valid method for wear analysis of the retrieved UHMWPE acetabular cups.",
  address="Taylor & Francis",
  chapter="124705",
  doi="10.1080/10402004.2016.1176286",
  howpublished="print",
  institution="Taylor & Francis",
  number="3",
  volume="60",
  year="2016",
  month="may",
  pages="437--447",
  publisher="Taylor & Francis",
  type="journal article in Web of Science"
}