Publication detail

Biomass Gasification and Microcogeneration Unit - EZOB Technology

BALÁŠ, M. LISÝ, M. ŠPILÁČEK, M. SKÁLA, Z.

Original Title

Biomass Gasification and Microcogeneration Unit - EZOB Technology

English Title

Biomass Gasification and Microcogeneration Unit - EZOB Technology

Type

journal article - other

Language

en

Original Abstract

As a renewable energy source, biomass is offering the best prospects as an energy source in the Czech Republic as the country’s geographical position does not allow effective and massive extension of use of the energy of wind and sun. Moreover, contrary to those RES, biomass enables direct conversion to liquid and gaseous fuels. Thermal gasification of biomass and wastes is one of the promising technologies for the generation of electric power and heat from renewable and alternative fuels contributing to CO2 emissions abatement. This technology brings a host of new possibilities in the design and implementation of small-output cogeneration units in particular since steam turbines do not show sufficient efficiency. Many studies also pinpoint the benefits of gasification technologies in view of their better emissions values, particularly in the disposal of waste. The present paper will deal with biomass and sorted municipal waste gasification and cogeneration using a turbo-set. It will bring description of the designed pilot-plant with electrical output 80kWe. The generated gas will be burned in a combustion chamber attached to the gasifier. The flue gas will then pass through a heat exchanger in which compressed air will be heated and consequently brought to a micro-turbine. Except description, paper will bring our experiences from operating of pilot plant (operating parameters, contributions, problems during operating, etc.). The principal advantage of the given cycle is the fact that there is no contact between the generated gas and the turbine. So there is no need for costly and complicated gas cleaning, which is the main source of problems in direct use in combustion engines. Another merit is the compact container package making installation of the facility easier or making it relatively more mobile. We imagine, this solution of cogeneration from biomass can be suitable for small industrial applications, for low-output cogeneration.

English abstract

As a renewable energy source, biomass is offering the best prospects as an energy source in the Czech Republic as the country’s geographical position does not allow effective and massive extension of use of the energy of wind and sun. Moreover, contrary to those RES, biomass enables direct conversion to liquid and gaseous fuels. Thermal gasification of biomass and wastes is one of the promising technologies for the generation of electric power and heat from renewable and alternative fuels contributing to CO2 emissions abatement. This technology brings a host of new possibilities in the design and implementation of small-output cogeneration units in particular since steam turbines do not show sufficient efficiency. Many studies also pinpoint the benefits of gasification technologies in view of their better emissions values, particularly in the disposal of waste. The present paper will deal with biomass and sorted municipal waste gasification and cogeneration using a turbo-set. It will bring description of the designed pilot-plant with electrical output 80kWe. The generated gas will be burned in a combustion chamber attached to the gasifier. The flue gas will then pass through a heat exchanger in which compressed air will be heated and consequently brought to a micro-turbine. Except description, paper will bring our experiences from operating of pilot plant (operating parameters, contributions, problems during operating, etc.). The principal advantage of the given cycle is the fact that there is no contact between the generated gas and the turbine. So there is no need for costly and complicated gas cleaning, which is the main source of problems in direct use in combustion engines. Another merit is the compact container package making installation of the facility easier or making it relatively more mobile. We imagine, this solution of cogeneration from biomass can be suitable for small industrial applications, for low-output cogeneration.

Keywords

biomass, combustion, gasification, microcogeneration

RIV year

2014

Released

30.10.2014

Publisher

WASET

Pages from

1381

Pages to

1384

Pages count

4

Documents

BibTex


@article{BUT110151,
  author="Marek {Baláš} and Martin {Lisý} and Michal {Špiláček} and Zdeněk {Skála}",
  title="Biomass Gasification and Microcogeneration Unit  - EZOB Technology",
  annote="As a renewable energy source, biomass is offering the best prospects as an energy source in the Czech Republic as the country’s geographical position does not allow effective and massive extension of use of the energy of wind and sun. Moreover, contrary to those RES, biomass enables direct conversion to liquid and gaseous fuels.
Thermal gasification of biomass and wastes is one of the promising technologies for the generation of electric
power and heat from renewable and alternative fuels contributing to CO2 emissions abatement. This technology brings a host of new possibilities in the design and implementation of small-output cogeneration units in particular since steam turbines do not show sufficient efficiency. Many studies also pinpoint the benefits of gasification technologies in view of their better emissions values, particularly in the disposal of waste. 
The present paper will deal with biomass and sorted municipal waste gasification and cogeneration using a
turbo-set. It will bring description of the designed pilot-plant with electrical output 80kWe. The generated gas will be burned in a combustion chamber attached to the gasifier. The flue gas will then pass through a heat exchanger in which compressed air will be heated and consequently brought to a micro-turbine. Except description, paper will bring our experiences from operating of pilot plant (operating parameters, contributions, problems during operating, etc.).
The principal advantage of the given cycle is the fact that there is no contact between the generated gas and
the turbine. So there is no need for costly and complicated gas cleaning, which is the main source of problems
in direct use in combustion engines. Another merit is the compact container package making installation of the
facility easier or making it relatively more mobile. We imagine, this solution of cogeneration from biomass can be
suitable for small industrial applications, for low-output cogeneration.",
  address="WASET",
  chapter="110151",
  howpublished="print",
  institution="WASET",
  number="10",
  volume="8",
  year="2014",
  month="october",
  pages="1381--1384",
  publisher="WASET",
  type="journal article - other"
}