Objective of the course – aims of the course unit:|
Overview of rest and movement of newton type fluids and in addition of unnewton types fluid. Basic calculations of flow including pressure conditions of flow round (through) bodies. The course provides bases for other following specialized course of water management.
Objective of the course – learning outcomes and competences:|
The student will be possible to solve the movement of newton type fluids and in addition of unnewton types fluid. Calculations of flow including pressure conditions of flow round (through) bodies. The aim of the course is providing bases for other following specialized course of water management.
Physics, mathematics, mechanics, earth materials mechanics, civil structures mechanics and statics
Course contents (annotation):|
The course provides students with information on fluid behaviour an its influence on objects and equipment in both hydrostatics and hydrodynamics.
The course deals with determination of effects of water on plane and curved surface and information on floatation of bodies.
Findings about flow and motion of water in pipe pressure systems and in systems with free water surface (i.e. flow in natural and artificial open channels). Hydraulics of water structures.
Steady non-uniform and unsteady continuously changing flow in open channels and pipes, filling and emptying of non-prismatic reservoirs and lock chambers.
Shaft and lateral spillways, chutes, special types of hydraulic jump and design of stilling pools.
Basics of model similitude in fluid mechanics. Selected chapters of object hydraulics and pressure systems hydraulics.
Practical aspects of groundwater flow, principals of continuity and deterministic. Assumptions accepted for ground water flow solution, simple water intakes, simple models of flow trough a dam, solution of system of wells.
The findings are applied in computational and laboratory exercises.
Teaching methods and criteria:|
Assesment methods and criteria linked to learning outcomes:|
Requirements for successful completion of the subject are specified by guarantor’s regulation updated for every academic year.
1. Relative rest fluids. Differential equation of motion of ideal and real fluid.
2. Basics of potential flow and its application.
3. Hydraulic jump I non-prismatic channel. Supercritical flow in channels and spilways, aeration of water flow.
4. Free and submerged water jets, flow around bodies. Action of water flow on surfaces. Application of impulse theory.
5. Emptying of tanks, non-prismatic tanks. Filling and emptying of lock chambers. Continuously changing unsteady flow. Shock waves in open channels. Shock waves in pipes, direct and indirect hydraulic shock. Time slope of shock wave.
6. Pipe systems, pump design, flow cavitation.
7. Flow in bridge profiles and culverts.
8. Cross influence of hydraulic elements from the point of view of energy losses.
9. Flow close to inlets, downflow baffle.
10. Flow of non-newton fluids, bigham and non-bigham matter flow.
11. Dimensional analysis, basics of model similarity in fluid mechanics.
12. Shaft overfall. Special types of overfalls, movable spillway constructions. Overflow of water with high submergence factor.
13. Darcy’s equation, filtration coefficient, specific leakage and mean velocity of water flow in voids. Hydraulics of wells in steady state.
Specification of controlled education, way of implementation and compensation for absences:|
Extent and forms are specified by guarantor’s regulation updated for every academic year.
Boor, B. a kol: Hydraulika pro vodohospodářské stavby. SNTL 1968
Jandora, s.r.o. Brno: Hydraulika a hydrologie. CERM, s.r.o. Brno 2002
Jandora,J.,Šulc,J.: Hydraulika - modul 01 - studijní elektronická opora. FAST VUT v Brně 2007
Jandora,J.; Umannová, H.: Základy hydrauliky a hydrologie - Příklady. CERM, s.r.o., Brno 1999
Kolář, V. a kol.: Hydraulika. SNTL Praha 1983
Martin Widden: Fluid mechanics. MACMILLAN PRES LTD 1996
Munson,B.;Young,D.;Okiishi,T.: Fundamentals of Fluid Mechanics. John Wiley and Sons,Inc.,New York 1998
Munson,B. a kol.: Fundamentals of Fluid Mechanics. John Wiley & Sous,Inc., New York 1998