Objective of the course – aims of the course unit:|
Brief fundamentals of General Physical Chemistry concerning the state of aggregates, thermodynamics, reaction kinetics, processes on boundaries between phases, sorption effects and basic phenomena of disperse systems – Fundamentals of Physical Chemistry of Silicate Structures, theory of melts and glass, theory of reactions in solid phase.
Objective of the course – learning outcomes and competences:|
The student would manage the goal of the subject by acquiring knowledge on the basics of physical chemistry from the field of physical states of substances, thermodynamics, reaction kinetics, processes on the interface boundaries, sorptive effects and basic exposure of the disperse systems, further by knowledge on silicate chemistry from the field of silicate structure, melt and glass theory, theory of reaction in the solid phase.
Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics in the extent common for students at Faculty of Civil Engineering (FAST)
Course contents (annotation):|
Concise principles of thermodynamics, the first and second law of thermodynamics, heat of formation, chemical equilibrium, Guldberg-Waag law, system out-of-equilibrium, reaction isotherm, State behaviour of liquids, skin effects, cohesive pressure, transport phenomena in liquids, Phase equilibria, one component system, Gibbs law, two components system. Heterogeneous one-, two-, and more components system, solubility of gases in liquids. Solid phase-gas system, solid phase - liquid phase, ternary systems. Electrochemistry, Faraday’s laws, molar conductivity of weak and strong electrolytes, Wheatstone bridge, dissociation and hydrolysis, ionic product of water, galvanic cells. Disperse systems, classification, basic physical properties, coagulation, zeta potential. Reaction kinetics, order and molecularity of reaction, reactions of 1st, 2nd and higher orders, catalysts. The structure of silicates, Pauling’s principles, basic structural arrangement. Clay minerals, structural arrangement, classification, water bound in clay minerals. Structure and properties of silicate melts, crystallization of melts, glass structures. Heterogeneous equilibria in silicate systems, solid state reactions.
Teaching methods and criteria:|
Assesment methods and criteria linked to learning outcomes:|
Requirements for successful completion of the subject are specified by guarantor’s regulation updated for every academic year.
1.Chemical equilibria, the Guldberg-Waag Law, systems outside of equilibrium, reaction isotherm.
2.State behaviour of liquids, surface effects, cohesion pressure, transport processes in liquids.
3.Phase equilibria, one component system, Gibbs Law of phases, system with two components.
4.Heterogeneous one-, two- and more-components systems, solubility of gases in liquids.
5.The systems: solid phase-gas, solid phase-liquid phase, ternary systems.
6.Electrochemistry, Faradays Laws, molar conductivity of weak and strong electrolytes, the Wheatstone´s bridge, dissociation and hydrolysis, ionic product of water, galvanic elements.
7.Disperse systems, division, basic physical properties, coagulation, zeta-potential.
8.Reaction kinetics, order and molecularity of reaction, reactions of 1st, 2nd, and higher orders, catalysts.
9.Structure of silicates, Pauling´s principles, basic structural arrangement.
10.Clay minerals, structural arrangement.
11.Classification of clay minerals, water bond in clay minerals.
12.Structure and the properties of silicate melt.
13.Melt crystallisation, the structure of glass.Heterogeneous equilibria in silicate systems, reactions in solid state.
Specification of controlled education, way of implementation and compensation for absences:|
Extent and forms are specified by guarantor’s regulation updated for every academic year.
Moore, W.J.: Fyzikální chemie. SNTL Praha 1981
Brdička R., Dvořák J.: Základy fyzikální chemie. Academia , Praha 1977
Kingery, W.D.: Introduction to Ceramics. New York - J. Wiley 1962
Lach,V.,Daňková,M.: Mikrostruktura stavebních látek. VUT v Brně 1991
EITEL W.: Silicite science. Academie Press N. Y. USA 1964
Walter J. Moore: Physical chemistry. Englewood Cliffs, N. J. USA 1994